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tPmk^v apÃ-tÈcn  (02-þ01-þ2013)

sXmSp-]pg Xmeq-¡nse DSp-¼-¶qÀ kztZ-in-bmWv Rm³. ]p¸-Ån-bn h¶Xv 1960 amÀ¨v 19-\v. _kn Beph hsc-sb-¯n. Beph apX tImgn-t¡mSv hsc s{Sbn-\nÂ. AhnsS\n¶v ao\-§mSn hsc kn.-U-_vfn-bp.-Fw.-Fkv _knÂ. ao\-§m-Sn-bn \n¶v ]p¸-Ån¡p \S-¶p.

 

Fsâ IpSpw-_-¡mÀ k¼-¶-cm-bn-cp-¶p. R§Ä Zcn-{Z-cpw. AhÀ¡v A]-am-\-ap-­m-tI­ F¶p IcpXn Häbv¡v ae-_m-dn-tebv¡v hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. A¶v F\n¡v 27 hb-kv. Rm³ hcp-¶-Xn\p aq¶p-amkw ap¼v Fsâ Hcp Ikn³ ]p¸-Ån¡p h¶n-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Rm³ icn¡pw h¶Xv Øew hm§m-\m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã, Øew I­p-t]m-Im-\m-bn-cp-¶p. ]p¸-Ån-bn-se¯n c­p Znhkw Iknsâ IqsS Xma-kn-¨p. At¸mÄ ]p¸-Ån-bn Xs¶ XpS-cp-¶Xv \¶m-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v tXm¶n. AtXmsS Øew hm§m-\pÅ Btem-N-\-bm-bn. AXn-\n-S-bn hmg-t¯m-¸n-epÅ Fsâ kz´w tPyjvT³ aÀt¡mkv tPm¬ ]p¸-Ån¡p h¶p.

 

R§Ä c­p-t]cpw IqSn Ipdn-¨n-¸-ä-bn t]mbn ssaemSn IrjvW³ sN«n-bpsS Bdp G¡À hbepw c­v G¡À Icbpw hm§n. sam¯w 1300 cq]bmbn-cp¶p hne. AXn 650 cq] Rm³ apS-¡n. ]IpXn Øew F\n¡v Xncn-¨p-In-«n. CXn Ic shdpw Xcn-im-bn-cp-¶p. Cu Øe-t¯mSp tNÀ¶v h\-am-bn-cp-¶p. ct­-¡À Ic-bn ]pÃp taª Hcp hoSp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXn tPyjvT³ tPmWpw IpSpw-_hpw Xma-k-am-¡n.

 

R§Ä hm§nb ct­-¡-À Ic-tbmSv tNÀ¶v ct­-¡À Ic IqSn hm§n. ]pXnb Øe¯v Rm³ sNdnb hoSp-­m-¡n. A¶v hoSp-­m-¡m³ \qdp cq]-tbm-f-amWv sNe-hv. AXn\v ]Wn-bsc hnfn-¡pw. AhÀ Im«p-acw sh«n \mep XqWp-­m-¡pw. CÃn sh«n DW-¡nb-tijw Iodn saS-ªv XqWp-I-fn ]nSn-¸n¨v Nph-cp-­m-¡pw. AXn Danbpw a®pw IqSn Ipg¨v ASn¨p ]nSn-¸n-¡pw. At¸mÄ Nph-cn\v c­n-t©mfw I\-ap-­m-Ipw. am\n-¸ptÃm hbvt¡msem sIm­v tabpw. sXcph t]mse-bpÅ ]pÃmWv am\n-¸p-Ãv. Ah tXms«-d-¼n CjvSw t]mse-bp-­m-Ipw. ]ns¶ Xd sagp-In-bm hoSmbn. Hcp hoSn\v Hcp apdnbpw ASp-¡-fbpw sNdnb hcm-´-bp-ap-­m-Ipw.

 

Rm³ HcmgvN sIm­v hoSp-­m-¡n-sb-¦n-epw- AhnsS Xma-kn-¨n-Ã. A¶v FÅp-¦Â Ipªn\v ac-Im-hn Htc-¡À hbepw Icbp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Fsâ hoSpw Øehpw Ipªnsâ Øe-hpambn h¨p-am-dn.

]ns¶ \m«n t]mbn h¶¸w A½sb sIm­p-h-¶p. A½ 1960 Xs¶ acn-¨p. AXn-\p-tijw 1961 P\p-hcn H¶n-\mbncp¶p Fsâ hnhm-lw. ac-Im-hnse Øe¯v Hcp hÀjw Xma-kn-¨p. tXmSnsâ Ic-bm-b-Xn-\m AhnsS kpc£ D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Cu Øew 1962 hnäv Icn-a-¯n-\-Sp-¯pÅ aqt¶-¡À tZhkzw Øew Rm³ hm§n. adp-]m« {]Imcw tZh-kz-¯n \n¶v Idp-¸p-®n¡p e`n-¨-Xm-bn-cp¶p Cu Øew. aqt¶-¡-dn\v 1700 cq] sImSp-¯p. Cu Øe-¯nsâ Hcp `mK¯v ImSpw ap³h-i¯v am\-´-hm-Sn-¡pÅ tdmUp-am-bn-cp-¶p.

 

Cu ka-b-¯mWv tZhkzw `qan {]iv\w DbÀ¶p h¶-Xv. 1961 Xs¶ {]iv\-¯n Rm³ CS-s]-«n-cp-¶p. ka-c-¯n \ns¶mgnhm-Ip-¶-]£w GXp `mK¯p thW-sa-¦nepw \qtd-¡-À Øew sh«n-t¡m-fm³ Ft¶mSv amt\-PÀ k½-Xn-¨-Xm-Wv. F¶m t]cp-tZmjw tIĸn-¡m-\n-söv Rm³ ]d-ªp. \qtd-¡À hm§n-bn«v Rm³ ]m¼p-I-Sn-tbäp acn-¨m Irjn-¡msc h©n¨ Bfm-btà Adn-b-s¸-SpI F¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Fsâ \ne-]m-Sv. AXn-\m km[m-cW sImSp-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse Xs¶ F\n¡pw aXn F¶p Rm³ ]d-ªp.

 

tZh-kz-hp-am-bn I½n-än-¡mÀ D­m-¡nb [mcW {]Imcw Fsâ `qan-tbmSv tNÀ¶v At©-¡À IqSn A\p-h-Zn-¨p- X-¶p. AXp I®mb Øe-am-bn-cp-¶p. At¸m-fXv tZh-kz-¯n-\m-h-iy-ap-s­¶pw Xt¶mSv thsd sh«n-t¡m-fm\pw amt\-PÀ ]d-ªp. A§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xp icn-b-söv Rm³ hyà-am-¡n. B cm{Xn-bn Cu Øew tZh-kzw-ImÀ Xs¶ Bsf sIm­p-h¶v It¿-dm³ Xocp-am-\n-¨-Xmbn R§Ä¡p hnhcw In«n. AXn-\m AXn\p apt¼ R§Ä Øew It¿dn. AXp sam¯w 50 G¡-dp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ Hcp `mKw ssIhiw h¨n-cp¶ Ipª-¨sâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n R§Ä sNdnb sNdnb hoSp-I-fp-­m-¡n. At¸mÄ s]meokv h¶p. Ah-tcmSv Imcyw ]d-ªp. ]t£ tIkv Bbn.

 

tIkv \S-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S-bn Hcp-Zn-hkw amt\-PÀ am[-h³ \mbÀ ]\-a-c¯pÅ ho«n-tebv¡v Ft¶bpw Ipª-¨-t\bpw hnfn-¸n-¨p. AhnsS Imcy-amb hn[-¯n R§sf kzoI-cn-¨p. Øe¯v \n¶v Hgn-hm-IWw F¶m-h-iy-s¸-«p. ]än-söp R§fpw hyà-am-¡n. F¦n Hgn-hm-¡p-sa-¶mbn amt\-PÀ. GXm-bmepw Øew Ahn-sS-¯-s¶-bp-­m-Ip-atÃm F¶v Rm³ ]d-ª-t¸mÄ Npäpw apÅp-th-en-bn«v kz´-am-¡p-sa¶v amt\-PÀ ]d-ªp. F´m-bmepw kwkm-cn¨v sXän R§Ä ]pd-¯n-d-§n. Ipª-¨³ Ahn-sS-\n¶v tImgn-t¡m-t«bv¡v t]mbn.

 

Rm³ Häbv¡p ]p¸-Ån¡p \S-¶p. At¸mÄ Iqcm-¡p-cn-cp-«v. H¶pw ImWm³ ]äp-¶n-Ã. knK-cäv sseäÀ I¯n-¨mWv \S-¯w. C¶s¯ \S-h-b SuWn F¯p-¶-Xn\v c­p-In-tem-ao-äÀ ap¼v CS-t¯m«p Xncnªv Hcp Intem-ao-äÀ \S-¶m sN©Sn hb F¯pw. hb Hcp Intem-ao-ä-dp-­v. ]ns¶ aq¶p Intem-ao-äÀ ImSm-Wv. ImSp-I-gn-ªm aqgn-a-e. Ahn-sS-\n¶v aq¶p Intem-ao-äÀ t]mbm ]p¸-Ån-bm-bn.

 

Rm³ knK-cäv sseä-dnsâ shfn-¨-¯n sN©-Sn-¡m-Sn\p \Sp-hn-se-¯n. AhnsS Hcp tXmSn\p IpdpsI Hä ac-¸m-e-ap-­v. Im«p-acw sIm­pÅ B ]me-¯nsâ H¯-\-Sphn-se-¯n-b-t¸m-tgbv¡pw knK-cäv sseä-dnse Xobn \n¶v I¿n-te-bv¡v NqSp Ib-dn. s]s«¶v sseäÀ Xmsg-ho-Wp. `mKy-¯n\v Hcp CSn-an-¶Â an¶n-b-Xn-\m tXm«n hogmsX ]mew IS-¶p. ]ns¶ an¶-ensâ shfn-¨¯n ]p¸Ån hsc \S-¶p. B\-bp-­m-Im-Xn-cp-¶Xv alm-`m-Ky-am-bn.

 

{]kvXpX Øe-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« tIkv 1969 hsc \o­p. R§Äs¡-Xn-cm-bn-«m-bn-cp¶p tImS-Xn-hn-[n. hn[n-¡p-t¼mÄ R§-f-hnsS Xma-kn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. ]t£ A¸n-en-s\m¶pw t]mbn-Ã. 1970 P\p-hcn H¶n\v P·nXzw Ah-km-\n-¨-tXmsS A¯cw tIkp-IÄ¡v {]kàn CÃm-Xm-bn.

 

A¡m-e¯v ]p¸Ånbn aq¶p-am-k-t¯mfw tXmcm¯ ag-bm-Wv. ]t£ XpÅn Iq«n s]¿n-Ã. t\À¯ kqNn-a-g-bm-Wv. ]pd-¯n-d-§m³ ]än-Ã. CÃn sIm­pw Cuä sIm­p-apÅ sImc-½-¡pS NqSn-bmWv ]Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-I. ag-b¯v ]r¡ F¶ sNdnb {]mWn ISn-¡pw. Chbv¡v ]qho-¨-bpsS hep-¸-am-Wv. agbpw XWp-¸p-apÅ Ime¯mWv Ch D­m-hp-I. Ch ISn-¨m henb thZ-\-bm-Wv. ]Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ Im tNdn-em-bn-cn-¡pw. ]ns¶ ico-c-¯n sImc-½-¡p-S- IqSnbp-s­-¦n ]r¡bn \n¶v c£-s¸-Smw.

 

A¡m-e¯v Imen-bpw a\p-jy-cp-an-d-§m¯ Ipc-h-Ifpw \nc-h-[n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Ipc-hbv¡v H¶pw H¶-cbpw skâv hokvXoÀW-ap-­m-Ipw. F\n-¡n¯cw Hcp hb-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ tase-\n¶v Ipep-¡n-bm B {]tZiw apgp-h³ Ipep-§pw. shÅ-s¡-«nsâ tase ]pÃp-]-SÀ¶p-­m-Ip-¶-XmWv Ipc-h-IÄ. ]pÃnsâ thcnsâ Dd-¸mWv AXnsâ iàn. AXn Imen Cd-§n-Ã. ac-¯Sn C«v AXn Bfp-IÄ \n¶mWv Inf-bv¡p-I. Ing¨v ]pÃpw a®pw Nmen-¡pw. ]pÃp Inf¨p adn-¨m ]ns¶ shÅ-s¡«p am{X-am-hpw. Ipc-h-¸m-S-§Ä¡v \me-©Sn XmgvN-bp-­m-hpw. F¶m Gähpw ASn-bn tIm¬{Io-änsâ Dd-¸m-bn-cn-¡pw. Ipc-h-¸m-S-§-fn \à hnf-hp-­m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p.

 

Rm³ 1960 Hcp Ipch hb t\m¡m³ t]mbn. A¼-e-¯n\v Ing¡v `mK¯v the³ ]c-ta-iz-c-tâ-Xm-bn-cp¶p aqt¶-¡À hokvXoÀW-apÅ B hbÂ.  AhnsS sN¶-t¸mÄ Hcp t]m¯v Hcp I­-¯n\v \Sp-hn N¯p \n¡p-¶p. Xn¶m-\n-d-§n-b-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. ]t£ Ib-dm³ ]än-bn-Ã. As¶ms¡ B {]tZiw apgp-h³ ImSm-Wv. AXn-\m H¶p-c­p Znhkw I­n-sÃ-¦nepw Imen-Isf Bcpw At\z-jn-¡m-dn-Ã.

 

A¡m-e¯v BZn-hm-kn-IÄ¡v \m«n \n¶p-Å-hsc hÃm¯ `b-am-bn-cp-¶p. BZn-hmkn kv{XoIÄ \m«p-Im-cpsS ap¼n {]Xy-£-s¸-«n-cp-¶n-Ã. Rm³ Hcp ]Wnb kv{Xosb t\cn ImW-W-sa¶v B{K-ln-¨n-cp-¶p. Hcn-¡Â ]\-a-c¯p \n¶v ]p¸-Ån-bn-te-bv¡pÅ hgn-bn sN©Sn hbn-en Ipsd ]Wnb kv{XoIÄ Rmdp \Sp-¶p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Ahsc ASp-¯p-Im-Wm³ Rm\-t§m«p \S-¶p. F¶m Rm³ Ah-cpsS ASp-¡-te-bv¡mWv sNÃp-¶-sX¶v \a-kn-em¡n FÃm-hcpw Iq«-t¯msS Im«n-tebv¡p Ib-dn.

 

A¡m-e¯v hÅn-bqÀ¡mhv DÕ-h-¯n\v ]Wn-bcpw sN«n-amcpw t]mhpw. AhnsS t£{X-\-S-bn h¨v Hcp-hÀjs¯ ]Wn IcmÀ Dd-¸n-¡pw. 200 cq] apX 500 cq] hsc-bmWv AUzm³kv. IpSpw-_-s¯ sam¯amWv sN«n hm§p-I. sN«n-am-cpsS hb¡-c-bn ChÀ¡p IpSn-ep-I-fp-­m-¡pw. hb-ensâ hnkvXo-ÀW-a-\p-k-cn¨v \mepw A©pw hoSp-I-fp-­m-hpw. 1960 Ipf-¯qÀ sN«n¡v aq¶v ]Wnb IpSpw-_-§Ä D­m-bn-cp-¶p. A¶v BWn\v c­p tkdpw s]®n\v Hcp tkdpw BWv Iqen. ChÀ¡v cmhn-sebpw D¨bv¡pw sN«n-bpsS ho«n \n¶v `£Ww sImSp-¡pw. F¶m Iqen-bmbn In«p¶ s\Ãp Ip¯n thWw A¯mgw hbv¡m³.

 

As¶ms¡ hb¡-c-bnse Xma-k-¯n-\n-S-bn ]Wn-bÀ¡p ]pd¯p t]mtI­ Bh-iy-§-fp-­m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ImcWw hml-\-§-fn-Ã. kn\na t]mse hnt\m-tZm-]m-[n-I-fn-Ã. thsd ]W-¯n\v sNe-hn-Ã. apdp-¡m³, _oUn, ho«p-km-[\w F¶nh am{X-amWv hm§p-I. cmhnse ]Wn-b³ Imensb Agn¨p hb-en Gcp-sI-«pw. Hcp aWn hsc \n¡pw. D¨-I-gnªv ]Wn-¡n-d-§n-bm A©c hsc hb \¶m-¡pw. km[m-cW a\p-jy³ ]Wn-bp-¶-Xnsâ ]IpXn ]Wn am{Xta ]Wn-b-cn \n¶v In«q. H³]Xp aWn-tbmsS ]Wn¨n \Sm-\n-d-§pw. D¨bv¡p c­p aWn¡p ]Wn-¨n-IÄ ]Wn \ndp-¯pw. ]ns¶ ap¶p-a-Wn-¡n-d§n A©p-a-Wn¡p Ib-dpw.

 

Ip¸-t¯mSv \mbÀ Xd-hm-Snsâ BZys¯ t]cv Ip¸-tXm-­n-IÄ F¶m-bn-cp-¶p. tIm«bw cmPm-hnsâ tNcn-¸Wn sNbvXn-cp-¶-Xn-\m-emWv A§s\ t]cp h¶-X-s{X. F¶m Cu IpSpw-_-¯nse Hcp s]®p-ambn cmPmhv t{]a-am-b-Xn-t\-Xp-SÀ¶v ]p¸-Ån-bn-ep-­m-bn-cp¶ 14000 G¡-dn-te-sd-bpÅ Øew ChÀ¡p shdptX sImSp-¯p. kz¯pw ]W-hp-am-b-tXmsS Xd-hm-«p-t]cv ]cn-jvI-cn¨v Ip¸-t¯mSv F¶m-¡n. ]p¸Ån _kv Ìmân-\-Sp¯v hb-en-\-cn-sIbpÅ ssIX-¡m-«n Ct¸mgpw cmP-sIm-«m-c-¯nsâ Ah-in-jvS-§-fp-­v. Sn¸p-hnsâ ]S-tbm-«-¡m-e¯v tIm«bw cmPmhv Bbp-[-§Ä Hfn-¸n-¨Xv Chn-Ss-bmbncp-s¶¶v ]d-bp-¶p. F´m-bmepw Cu Øew Hcn-¡epw sh«ns¯fn-¡m-dn-Ã.

CXn-\n-S-bn kÀ¡m-cntebv¡v `qan-bpsS \nIpXn AS-bv¡m³ Xd-hm-Sn\v Ign-hn-ÃmsX h¶p. G¡-dn\v Ac-N{Iw BWv A¶s¯ \nIp-Xn. XpSÀ¶v Ip¸-t¯mSv Xd-hm-«nse Cu kz¯p-¡Ä tZh-kz-¯n\v Fgp-Xns¡m-Sp-¯p. AXn\v Nne hyh-Ø-I-fp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]p¸Ån A¼-ew, AXnsâ `qan F¶n-h-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]hr-¯n-IÄ Ip¸-t¯mSv Xd-hm-«nse AwK-§Ä am{Xta ssIImcyw sN¿mhq F¶m-bn-cp¶p apJy-hy-h-Ø. B[m-c-§Ä Fgp-Xm\pw `qan NmÀ¯m-\p-apÅ A[n-Imcw Ip¸-t¯mSv tKm]m-e³ F¶ aq¸n \mbÀ¡m-bn-cp-¶p. Ip¸-t¯mSv am[-h³ \mbÀ Bbn-cp¶p 1950-I-fn amt\-PÀ.

Ip¸-t¯mSv Xd-hm-Sn\v 14992 G¡À F«p skâv `qan-bmWv 358/ 1F1-F1F kÀth \¼-dn-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. tZh-kzw, Kh¬saâv F¶n-h-bp-am-bp-­m-¡nb [mc-W-bpsS ASn-Øm-\-¯n 2000 G¡À `qan IÀj-IÀ¡v NmÀ¯n-s¡m-Sp-¡m³ 1951 tImgn-t¡mSv Ie-IvSÀ A\p-aXn \ÂIn. F¶m 2000 G¡À apgp-h³ NmÀ¯n-¯o-cp-¶-Xn\p apt¼ Ie-IvS-dpsS A\p-aXn ]n³h-en-¨p. ]t£ CXn-\n-S-bn c­m-bnc¯n-tesd G¡À Øew Irjn-¡mÀ ssIh-i-s¸-Sp-¯n-¡-gn-ªn-cp-¶p. CXn\v amt\-PÀ am[-h³ \mb-cpsS ]n´p-W-bp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. adp-]m-«-{]-Im-c-amWv `qan NmÀ¯m³ Ie-IvSÀ A\p-aXn \ÂIn-b-Xv. CXn\v am\pjw G¡-sdm-¶n\v 5 cq]bmWv tZhkzw dn¡mÀUn ImWn-¡pI. ]t£ amt\-PÀ G¡-dn\v 50 cq] hsc hm§n-bn-cp-¶p. G¡-dn\v c­p-cq] h¨v hÀjw tXmdpw ]m«w AS-bv¡-W-sa-¶m-bn-cp¶p asämcp hyh-Ø. ]ns¶ DÂkh¯n\v ]¨-¡-dn, Acn F¶nh sImSp-¡-W-sa¶ Fgp-X-s¸-Sm¯ [mc-W-bp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p.

C§s\ NmÀ¯p¶ `qan Af-¶p-Xn-cn¨p sImSp-¡pw. ]t£ AXn\v {]tXyI kÀsh \¼tdm k_vUn-hn-jt\m D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. FÃmw 358/ 1F1-F1F kÀsh \¼-dn Xs¶-bmWv sNbvXn-cp-¶-Xv. CsXÃmw \S-¶Xv 1960IÄ¡v ap¼m-bn-cp-¶p. 1960 BIp-t¼m-tgbv¡pw GI-tZiw 3000 G¡-tdmfw `qan-bmWv Irjn-¡mÀ ssIh-i-s¸-Sp-¯n-¡-gn-ª-Xv. AhÀ B `qan sh«n-s¯-fn¨v Irjn \S-¯n-s¡m-­n-cp-¶p. C§s\ NmÀ¯n-¡n-«nb `qan henb Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc ImSm-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m NmÀ¯n-¡n-«n-b-hÀ Ipd¨p ho«p-Imsc IqSn F§-s\-sb-¦nepw kao-]¯v F¯n-¡m³ B{K-ln-¨p. Ah-cn NneÀ X§Ä¡v Af¶p e`n¨-X-\p-k-cn¨v sh«n-s¯-fn¨ `qan th­-s¸« aäp NneÀ¡v sImSp-¯p. XpSÀ¶v AXn-\p kao-]-s¯ `qan AhÀ It¿dn sh«ns¯fn¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ tZhkzw tIkv sImSp-¡pw. F¶m NmÀ¯nb `qan-tb-Xv, It¿-dnb `qan GXv F¶v Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ tcJ D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m tImSXn¡v It¿-ä-¡msc in£n-¡m³ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.

Hcp `mKs¯ `qan F«pw ]¯pw t]À tNÀ¶v ac-¯n sIm¯n AS-bmfw h¨mWv sh«n-sb-Sp-¯p-sIm-­n-cp-¶-Xv. A§s\ sh«n-bn-«pÅ `qan-bn aämcpw Ib-dp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. 1961 Ime-¯mWv NmÀ¯n-s¡m-Sp¯ 2000 G¡À Ign-¨pÅ `qan _vtfm¡p-I-fmbn h³InS-¡mÀ¡p sImSp-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨-Xv. A¶v the-¸³ Bbn-cp¶p tZhkzw a{´n. At±-l-hp-ambn amt\-PÀ am[-h³ \mbÀ¡v ASp¯ kulr-Z-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. dh\yq t_mÀUv H¶mw saw_À Fkv. tKmhnµ tat\m³ Bbn-cp¶p A¶v tZhkzw I½n-j-WÀ. At±-l-hp-ambn am[-h³ \mbÀ \oc-k-¯n-ep-am-bn-cp-¶p.

a{´nbpw amt\-cp-ambn tbmPn-¨-Xnt\ XpÀ¶m-bn-cp¶p tZhkzw `qan _vtfm¡-Sn-Øm-\¯n NmÀ¯ns¡mSp-¡m-³ Xocp-am-\n-¨-Xv. ]t£ Cu _vtfm¡p-ImÀ F¯n-b-t¸mÄ Irjn-¡m¡p h³{]-Xn-tj-[-ap-­m-bn. AtX-h-sc-bp-­m-bn-cp¶ \S-h-gn-IÄ CÃm-Xmbn F¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p apJy-Im-c-Ww. Irjn-¡m-cn `qcn-`m-Khpw Zcn-{Z-cm-bn-cp-¶p. `mcy-bpsS Xmename hnäpw BSn-t\bpw ]ip-hn-t\bpw hnäpw In«nb ]Ww sIm­mWv an¡-hcpw `qan hm§n-b-Xv. InWÀ Ipgn-¸n-¡m-s\m¶pw Ah-cpsS I¿n ]W-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. AXn\m tXms«-dp¼n hoSp-h-¨p. ssIsIm­p Ipgn¨p tIWn D­m-¡m-sa-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Chn-Ss¯ kuI-cyw. AXn-\m Ch-cn an¡-hÀ¡pw hgn kuI-cy-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ChÀ¡pÅ \S¸p kuIcyw ap«n-¨p-sIm-­m-bn-cp¶p _vtfm¡p-ImÀ¡v Øew Af-¶-Xv. CXp-aqew Irjn-¡mÀ¡p ]pd-¯n-d-§m³ hgn-bn-Ãm-Xm-bn. At¸mÄ Irjn-¡m-cpsS Bhiyw Ign-ªpÅ Øeta _vtfm¡p-ImÀ¡p sImSp-¡mhq F¶p \m«p-ImÀ Unam³Uv h¨p. tZhkzw AXw-Ko-I-cn-¡msX h¶-t¸mÄ P\w ka-c-¯n-te-¡n-d-§n. Irjn-¡mÀ tZhkzw Hm^n-kn\p ap¼n kacw \S-¯n. BgvN-I-tfmfw C§s\ {]Xntj[w XpSÀ¶p. Ipsd-I-gn-ª-t¸mÄ tZhkzw R§sf kam-[m-\-NÀ¨bv¡p hnfn-¨p.

amt\-PÀ¡p ]pdta ap³ Fw.-FÂ.F F³.sP Ipªn-Ir-jvW³ \mbÀ, \S-h-b-ense ]pXn-b-S¯p Ip«n-t¨-«³ F¶n-h-cm-bn-cp¶p tZhkzw a[y-ØÀ. ChÀ Irjn-¡m-cpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-ambn ]e-Ipdn kwkm-cn-¨p.

 

Irjn-¡m-cpsS `mK-¯p-\n¶v A©p {]Xn-\n-[n-Isf sXc-sª-Sp-¯p. SuWn P\-§-fpsS s]mXp-tbmKw hnfn-¨p-tNÀ¯mbncp-¶p Cu sXc-sª-Sp¸v. Bbn-c-t¯mfw t]À ]s¦-Sp-¯p. Hmtcm {]tZ-i-s¯bpw {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn¨pÅXm-bn-cp¶p Cu A©p {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ. aT-¯n a¯m-bn, ]p¯³]pc tPmk-^v, tN¸ne ]c-ta-iz-c³, N§m-S-¡cn tPmk-^v, apÃ-tÈcn tPmk^v F¶n-h-cm-bn-cp¶p {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ. Ch-cmWv P\-§Ä¡p-th­n tZhkzw {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-ambn ]n¶oSv kwkm-cn-¨-Xv.

Irjn-¡mÀ¡v Ah-c-h-cpsS ssIh-i¯nepÅXn\p ]pdta A©v G¡À Øew IqSn _vtfm¡vImÀ¡v \ÂIn-bn-«pÅ AtX hnebv¡v sImSp-¡-W-sa-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Bh-iyw. Ah-km\w  At©-¡À Øew \ÂIp¶ Imcy-¯n [mc-W-bm-bn. \ne-hn ssIh-i-apÅ Øe-¯n-t\mSv tNÀ¶v apJy-ambpw hgn kuIcyw e`n-¡p-¶-Xn\mbn«mbn-cp¶p C§s\ `qan \ÂIp-¶-Xv. ssIh-i-`qan tdmUn-se-¯m³ Ac G¡À aXn-sb-¦n AhnsS \nÀ¯pw. A©-¡À thW-sa-¦n AXv Af-¶p-\ÂIpw. \ne-hn-epÅ Xma-k-Ø-es¯ tdmUn-se-¯n-¡-W-sa-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p apJy-am-\-Z-WvUw. A¶v Xm¶n-s¯-cp-hv, apųsIm-Ãn hgn-bpÅ s]cn-¡-ÃqÀ tdmUv a¬]mX-bm-Wv. h­n-IÄ t]mhp-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Cu tdmUv.

 

C§s\ \ÂIp¶ Øe-¯n\v G¡-dn\v 200 cq]-bmWv {]Xn-^-e-ambn tZhkzw tNmZn-¨-Xv. t\cs¯ _vtfm¡p--ImÀ¡v \nÝ-bn-¨Xv IvfnbÀ s^ÃnwKv \S-¯nb `qan G¡-dn\v 40 cq]- F¶ \nc-¡n-embn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m X§fpw 40 cq]tb \ÂIq F¶m-bn- IÀj-I-cpsS hmin. HSp-hn aq¶-Sn-bn Xmsg-bpÅ acw \ne-\nÀ¯n-s¡m­v `qan G¡-dn\v 80 cq] F¶ \nc-¡n Xocp-am-\-am-bn. CXn AUzm³kv Bbn G¡-dn\v 45 cq] h¨p \ÂI-Ww. ]t£ Cu XpI sImSp-¡p-t¼mÄ A©p cq]-bpsS ckotX tZhkzw \ÂIq. F¶p-h-¨m BZyw \ÂIp¶ 45 cq]-bn 40 cq] tcJ-bn-ep-­m-hn-Ã. ^e-¯n AXp amt\-PÀ¡pw Iq«À¡p-apÅ I½n-j³ BWv. ]n¶oSv \ÂtI­ 35 cq] IqSn tNÀ¯mWv tZhkzw tcJ-bn G¡-dn\v 40 cq] F¶ XpI F¯n-¡p-I. 12000 G¡À hn¡p-t¼mÄ G¡-dn\v 40 cq] h¨v Hcp henb kwJy-bmWv ]n¶m-¼p-d-¯p-IqsS D¶-X-cpsS I¿n-se-¯p-¶-Xv. a{´n the-¸³, Ip¸-t¯mSv IpSpw_w F¶n-h-scÃmw Adn-ªmbncp¶p Cu CS-]m-Sp-IÄ. Imcy-amb hnlnXw a{´n-X-e-¯n Xs¶ F¯n-bn-«p­m-Ipw. _m¡n tZhkzw Bfp-IÄ¡pw `c-W-IÀ¯m-¡Ä¡pw Hs¡ e`n-¨n-cn-¡-Ww.

 

IcmÀ hyhØ {]Imcw Hmtcm {]tZ-i-s¯bpw IpSpw-_-§Ä¡v Bh-iy-amb `qan Af¶p \ÂIm\pw {]Xn-^ew Fäp-hm§n tZh-kz-¯n-te¸n-¡m\pw A©p {]Xn\n[n-Isf Npa-X-e-s¸-Sp-¯n. 1962 Bbn-cp¶p {]kvXpX kw`-h-§Ä. Hcp `mKw Fs¶ G¸n-¨p. ]Ån-¡p-¶p-Im-c³ tPmÀPv F¶ kÀsh-bÀ Fsâ ho«n Xma-kn-¨mWv Af¶p sImSp-¯-Xv.

 

A¡m-e¯v G¡-dn\v 45 cq] h¨v At©-¡À Øew hm§m³ km¼-¯n-I-ti-jn-bp-Å-hÀ hfsc Ipd-hm-bn-cp-¶p. ]p¸-Ån-¡mÀ¡v A¶s¯ henb t\m«v F¶p ]d-ªm 10 cq] hsc-bmWv. 10 cq]-bn IqSnb t\m«p-IÄ CsÃ-¶-Ã. ]p¸-Ån-¡m-cpsS I¿n CÃ.  10 cq] Hcp-an¨v FSp-¡m³ BÀ¡pw Xs¶ Ign-hn-Ã. IjvS-s¸«v aq¶mev G¡À `pan hm§p-¶Xp Xs¶ ]ip-¡n-Sm-hns\ hnäpw `mcy-bpsS sI«p-Xmen ]Wbw h¨p-sam-s¡-bm-bn-cp-¶p.

Cu ]Ww IpSpw-_-¡mÀ t\cn-«Ã tZh-kz-¯n\v \ÂIp-¶Xv. I½nän {]Xn-\n-[n-I-sf-bmWv G¸n-¡p-I. Irjn-¡mÀ C§s\ XpÑ-ambn k¼m-Zn-¡p-¶-Xm-I-bm Hcp cq], c­p cq], A©p cq] F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ t\m«p-I-fmWv an¡-hcpw {]Xn-\n[n-Isf G¸n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. A§s\ Hmtcm IpSpw-_hpw X§-sf-Sp-¡p¶ `qan-bpsS Af-h-\p-k-cn¨v A³]Xpw \qdpw Ccp-¶qdpw cq]sbms¡ \ÂIpw. AXv NnÃd t\m«m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ht«sd t\m«p-I-fp-­m-hpw. aq¶mep Znh-ks¯ Ie-Iv-j³ Hcp-an-¨mWv tZh-kz-¯n AS-bv¡p-I. A§s\ ]e-cp-sS-bm-hp-t¼mÄ Hmtcm ka-b¯pw \m¸Xpw A³]Xpw t]cpsS ]W-amWv F\n¡v Gäp-hm-§n AS-bvt¡­nbn-cp-¶-Xv. AXv NnÃd t\m«p-I-fm-b-Xn-\m Htc-k-abw c­m-bn-chpw aqhm-bn-chpw AXn¸-chpw t\m«p-I-fp-­m-hpw.

 

A¶v k©nbpw _mKp-sam-¶p-an-Ã. Im«n-eq-sS-sbms¡ \S-¡p-¶-Xn-\m Ft¸mgpw Hcp Cuscg tXmÀs¯ms¡ Xe-bn-ep-­m-hpw. Htcm-cp-¯-cp-tSbpw ]Ww hm§n F®n-sbSp¯v Cu tXmÀ¯p-ap-­n-te-¡n-Spw. A§s\ Hcp amdm-¸p-sI-«p-am-bmWv ]W-ta¸n-¡m³ tZh-kz-¯n-se-¯p-I. AXp amt\-P-cpsS I¿n sImSp¯v Hmtcm G¡-dn\pw A©p cq] h¨pÅ ckoXv Hmtcm-cp-¯-cp-tSbpw t]cn hm§pw. amt\-PÀ CsÃ-¦n IvfmÀ¡v cma³ \mbÀ ]Ww hm§pw. IvfmÀ¡n\p ckoXv Fgp-Xn-¯-cm³ A[n-Im-c-ap-­v. amt\-PÀ cko-Xp-IÄ H¸n«p h¨n-«p-­m-Ipw. C§s\ aq¶mep {]mhiyw ]Ww tXmÀ¯n sI«n F\n¡p sIm­p-t]m-tI­n h¶n-«p-­v. ]gb tZhkzw Hm^nkv Xs¶-bmWv Ct¸m-gpw. A¶Xp ]pÃp taª-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. Ct¸mÄ HmSn-«n-«p-s­¶v am{Xw.

 

_vtfm¡p-Im-cpsS `qan Af¶p Xncn-¡p-¶-Xn\p ap¼p Xs¶ {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ CS-s]«v Irjn-¡mÀ¡v `qan Af¶p Xncn¨p \ÂIn¡-gn-ªn-cp-¶p. CsXÃmw Irjn-¡m-cpsS Øe-t¯mSv tNÀ¶p-In-S-¶n-cp¶ `qan-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Ah-bn Imcy-amb ImSv D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Fw.-]n.-]n.-F^v BIvSn (a-{Zmkv ss{]häv t^mdÌv {]nkÀth-j³ BIvSv) s]« Cu `qan Af¶p In«n-bm ImSp sh«m³ Ie-IvS-dpsS A\p-aXn hm§-Ww. F¶m CXn-\p-ap¼p Xs¶ ]ecpw s]meo-kn\pw t^mdÌv KmÀUpamÀ¡pw ssI¡qen sImSp¯v ImSp sh«n-¡-gn-ªn-cp-¶p.

 

A§-s\-bn-cnt¡ 1962 a{´n the-¸³ acn-¨p. AtXmsS ISn-ªm¬ tZhkzw I½n-j-WÀ tKmhnµ tat\m\p e`n-¨p. tKmhnµ tat\m\pw am[-h³ \mbcpw X½n t\c-t¯-Xs¶ kzc-t¨À¨-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. tZhkzw `qan A\-[n-Ir-X-ambn hnäp \jvSw-h-cp-¯p-¶p-sh¶v Btcm-]n¨v am[-h³ \mb-sc AdÌv sN¿m³ Iw_vf-¡mSv Fkv.-sF¡v I½n-j-WÀ \nÀtZiw \ÂIn. ]t£ A¶s¯ Fkv.sF \mcm-b-W³Ip«n tat\m³ am[-h³ \mb-cp-ambn kulmÀZ-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m a\-¸qÀhw AdÌv \o«n.

CXn-\n-S-bn Hcp ]me-¡m-«p-Im-c³ \mbsc amt\-PÀ Bbn tZhkzw t_mÀUv \nb-an-¨p. ]t£ At±lw NmÀPv FSp-¡m³ ]p¸-Ån-bn-se-¯n-b-t¸mÄ R§Ä Iq«w-IqSn XS-ªp. NmÀPv FSp-¡m³ k½-Xn-¨n-Ã. c­p-Zn-hkw Ign-ª-t¸m-tgbv¡pw Ip¸-t¯mSv Xd-hm-«nse BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯mSv amt\-PÀ Bbn NmÀPv FSp-¯p. ImcWw Ip¸-t¯mSv Xd-hm-«nse AwK-¯nt\ amt\-PÀ BIm³ ]äq F¶mWv hyh-Ø. AXn\v tImS-Xn-bpsS AwKo-Im-chpw In«n.

 

Ad-Ìn-\pÅ I½n-j-W-dpsS D¯-c-hn-t\-Xp-SÀ¶v am[-h³ \mbÀ Hfn-hn t]mbn. AtXmsS tZh-kz-hp-ambn D­m-¡nb [mc-W-{]-Imcw Irjn-¡m-cn \n¶v `qan¡v ]Ww hm§n \ÂInb {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ¡p Xe-th-Z-\-bm-bn. ImcWw am[-h³ \mbÀ \ÂInb cko-Xp-IÄ AwKo-I-cn-¡m³ BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯mSv X¿m-dm-bn-Ã. am[-h³ \mbsc At\z-jn-¨-t¸mÄ At±lw ao\-§m-Sn-bn sI.Pn am[-h³ \mb-cpsS ho«n-ep-s­¶v Adnhp In«n. DSs\ {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ sI.-Pn-bpsS ho«n-se-¯n. sI.-Pn-bpsS ASp¯ _Ôp Bbn-cp¶p BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯m-Snsâ `mcy. FÃm-hcpw IqsS-bn-cp¶p kwkm-cn-¨-t¸mÄ {]iv\-§-Ä ]cn-l-cn¡mw F¶p ]dªp kam-[m-\n-¸n¨v R§sf AhÀ ]dªp hn«p. ]t£ Imcy-§Ä H¶pw \S-¶n-sÃ-¶p-am-{Xw.

 

At¸m-tgbv¡pw Irjn-¡mÀ AhÀ¡v Af¶p sImSp¯ Øew apgp-h³ Ah-cpsS ssIh-i-¯n-em-¡n-¡-gn-ªn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ It¿-ä-¡m-cpsS t]cn BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯mSv tIkv sImSp-¯p. At±-l-¯n\v A§s\ sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡m³ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ImcWw Un¸mÀ«p-saâv At±-l-t¯mSv hni-Zo-I-cWw tNmZn-¡pw. A§\ \nb-am-\p-kr-X-a-ÃmsX ImSp sh«n-s¯-fn¨Xn\v ]e Irjn-¡m-cp-tSbpw t]cn t^mdÌv DtZym-K-Øcpw s]meokpw tIkv FSp-¯p.  F¶m X§-Ä¡v th­-s¸-«- Nnesc BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯mSv A[n-Ir-XÀ¡p \ÂInb ]cm-Xn-bn \n¶v Hgn-hm-¡n-bn-cp-¶p.

 

ImSp kwc-£n-¡m-\pÅ tZhkzw KmÀUp-am-cmbn \nb-an-¨n-cp-¶Xv sN«n-amsc Bbn-cp-¶p. AhÀ IpSn-tb-ä-¡m-cn \n¶v cl-ky-ambn Imip hm§pw. F¶m aäp-Å-h-cpsS ap¼n AhÀ klm-bn-I-fm-sW¶ `mhw \Sn-¡p-Itb CÃ. Fw.-]n.-]n.F^v BIvSnsâ _ew t^mdÌv DtZym-K-ØÀ¡m-Wv. ]t£ AhÀ hÃ-t¸m-gpta hcq. Ahsc KmÀUp-am-cmb sN«n-amÀ Iq«n-s¡m-­p-\-S-¡pw. t^mdÌv DtZym-K-ØÀ hcp¶ hnhcw sN«n-amÀ t\ct¯ Adn-bn-¡pw. At¸mÄ Irjn-¡mÀ ap§pw. t^mdÌv DtZym-K-Øsc klm-bn-¡m-\mWv Fw.-F-kv.]n¡mÀ.

 

F\n¡v tZh-kz-¯n \n¶p e`n¨ At©-¡-dn ImSp sh«p¶ ka-bw. c­p ]Wn-¡mÀ ImSp sh«p-I-bm-Wv. At¸mÄ BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯m-Spw c­v aq¶v s]meo-kp-Imcpw Øe¯v h¶p. ]Wn-¡msc ]nSn¨v Iw_vf-¡mSv s]meokv tÌj-\n-tebv¡v sIm­p-t]m-bn. At¸mÄ Rm\-hnsS CÃ. hnh-c-a-dnªv Rm³ Du«p-]p-c-bnse Fw.-F-kv.]n Iym¼n-se-¯n. AhnsS Fsâ ]cn-N-b-¡m-c³ X¦-¨s\ I­p. At¸mÄ tIkv Hgn-hm-¡-W-sa-¶p-­m-bn-cp-s¶¶pw amt\-PÀ D­m-bn-cp-¶-Xn-\m s]«p-t]m-sb¶pw X¦-¨³ ]d-ªp. DSs\ X¦-¨sâ Hcp jÀ«v hm§n [cn¨v Iw_vf-¡m-t«bv¡v t]mbn. AhnsS sN¶v- F-kv.sF _me-Ir-jvWs\ I­p. At¸mÄ Xs¶ ]Wn-¡msc hn«p. tIkv FSp-¯-tX-bn-Ã. tNmZn-¨m Pmay-¯n Cd-¡n-b-Xm-sW¶v ]d-ªm aXn-sb¶v \nÀtZ-in-¨p. F¶m ]n¶oSv Xsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n ]nSn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯-hsc s]meokv shdp-tX-hn«p F¶p ]dªv BÀ.-F³ Ip¸-t¯mSv ]cmXn \ÂIn.

Fsâ t]cnepw I¸ä aPn-kvt{S«v tImS-Xn-bn Hcp tIkv D­m-bn-cp-¶p. Rm³ ImSp sh«n \in-¸n-¨-Xpaqew 250 cq]-bpsS \jvSw tZh-kz-¯n\v D­m-sb-¶m-bn-cp¶p tIkv. DSs\ tImSXn I½n-js\ h¨p. AUz.-sh-¦n-S-kp-º³ F¶ sN«n Bbn-cp¶p I½n-j³. ac-¯nsâ tNme sh«n-b-Xn-\m 2500 cq]-bpsS \jvS-ap-s­¶v ]dªv At±lw dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIn. F\n-¡¶v 2500 cq] t]mbn«v 250 cq] sI«m³ t]mepw hI-bn-Ã.

 

A¶s¯ tImSXn _©v IvfmÀ¡v Hcp ]n.-Fkv _me³ Fsâ Hcp temly-¡m-c³ Bbn-cp-¶p. At±-l-t¯mSv Imcyw ]d-ª-t¸mÄ D¨bv¡p sNÃm³ ]d-ªp. XpSÀ¶v aPn-kvt{S«v Xpf-ko-Zm-kns\ I­p Imcy-§Ä ]dªp. tIkv hmZn-¨p-IqsS F¶v aPn-kvt{S«v tNmZn-¨p. Rm³ ]d-ªp-, hmZn-¡m³ ]än-Ã. hmZn-¡pt¼mÄ Rm³ ImSp sh«n-bn-söp ]d-b-Ww. A§s\ sN¿p-t¼mÄ F\n¡v `qan Cà F¶tà hcp-I. `qan Fsâ ssIh-i-¯n-em-Wv, Rm³ Irjn sNbvXp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv.  AXn-\m Ipäw k½n-Xn-¡mt\ ]äq. C{Xbpw XpI hn[n-¨m AXp sI«m-\m-hnÃ. At¸mÄ Pbn-en InSt¡­n-h-cpw. AXn-\m H¶p Zbhp ImWn-¡-Ww.

 

aPn-kvt{S«v At¸mÄ _mes\ ]d-ªp-hn«v Hcp _p¡v FSp-¯p-sIm­p h¶p. AXn adn¨p t\m¡n-bn«v 25 cq] sI«n- s]mbvs¡m-Åm³ ]d-ªp. C§s\ ]Ww sI«n-b-hcpw ]Ww sI«m-\m-hmsX Pbn-en t]mb-hcpw ]e-cp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Fsâ AbÂhmkn Hcp sImó sIm¨p-Ip-«³ ]Ww sI«m-\m-hmsX aq¶p-amkw Pbn-en InS-¶p.

A¶v I¸-ä-bnse aPn-kvt{S«v tImS-Xn-bn-se-¯m³ henb IjvS-¸m-Sm-bn-cp-¶p. sN©-Sn-¡mSp hgn \S¶v H¶p-In ]c-a-c-s¯¯n _kn\v I¸-äbv¡p t]mI-Ww. AsÃ-¦n sImf-dm-«p-Ip¶v, aq¶m-\-¡pgn hfn ao\-§m-Sn-bn-se¯n _kn\v I¸-äbv¡p t]mI-Ww. cmhnse A©p-a-Wn¡v FWoäp \S-¶m-emWv Ggv, Fgc aWn¡v ao\-§m-Sn-bntem ]\-a-ct¯m F¯m³ Ign-bp-I. AhnsS Hcp aWn-¡q-tdmfw Im¯p-\n¶memWv I¸-äbv¡p _kv In«p-I.

 

Irjn-¡mÀ¡v {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ hgn e`y-amb `qan Ah-cpsS \ne-hn-epÅ Øe-t¯mSv tNÀ¶pÅ A{X ImSn-Ãm¯ Øe-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu Øe-§Ä Hgn-hm-¡n-bmWv _vtfm¡p-ImÀ¡v tZhkzw Xncn¨p sImSp-¯-Xv. _vtfm¡p-ImÀ X§Ä¡v A\p-h-Zn¨ `qan¡pÅ AUzm³kv am{X-amWv tZh-kz-¯n\v \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶-Xv. B `qan AhÀ¡v e`y-am-hp-sa¶v henb Dd-s¸m-¶p-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m Ahcn c­p-aq¶p t]À A\p-h-Zn¨p In«nb `qan hnäv AUzm³kv hm§n. A³]Xpw \qdpw G¡À A§s\ hnäp. G¡-sdm-¶n-\v \qdv, Ccp-¶q-dv, ap¶q-dv, Aªqdv cq] F¶ \nc-¡n-sems¡ ChÀ hn¸\ \S-¯n.

 

 

F¶m CXn-\n-S-bn _vtfm¡p-ImÀ hnä- Øehpw hn¡m¯ Øehpw Irjn-¡mÀ It¿-dn-. c­p hn[-¯n-epÅ It¿-ä-¯n\pw tZhkzw tIkv sImSp-¯p. _vtfm¡p-ImÀ \nb-a-]-c-ambn hm§nbXm-sW-¦nepw AhÀ¡v hn¡m-\pÅ tcJ-sbm¶pw tZhkzw \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. AUzm³kv am{Xw \ÂInb Øew adn¨p hn¡m-\m-hn-Ã-tÃm. Cu kml-N-cy-¯n-emWv kwL-SnX It¿äw F¶ t]cn tZhkzw tIkv sImSp-¯Xpw Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡mÀ hcp-¶-Xpw. 1962 apX Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡mÀ tZhkzw Du«p-]p-c-bn Iym¼v XpS-§n. As¶ms¡ Im¸n-sk-äv, h­n-¡-Shv, Be-¯qÀ, ]mSn-¨nd {]tZ-i-§-fn Imcyambn ImSp sXfn-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. Im¸n-sk-än Hä It¿äw t]mepw D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.

 

1967se sXc-sª-Sp-¸n\v c­p amkw ap¼v Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡mÀ IpSn-bn-d-¡nsâ `mK-ambn GXm\pw hoSp- I-¯n-¨p. At¸mÄ cmjv{So-b-¡mÀ CS-s]-«p. A¶v t\Xm-¡-·m-cmb _n.-sh-Ãnw-KvS³, hS-¡-\-¨³, Fw.sI IrjvW³, Fw.]n hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ, C¼n-¨n -_m-h, ]n.-BÀ Ipdp¸v F¶n-hÀ hoSp I¯n-¨Xv ImWm-s\-¯n. shÃnw-KvS¬ ]d-ªp, hcp¶ sXc-ª-Sp-¸neqsS R§Ä `c-W-¯n h¶m Cu IpSn-ep-I-fpsS Nmcw InS-¡p-¶n-S¯v sh¬am-S-§Ä DbÀ¯pw.

1967se sXc-sª-Sp-¸n _t¯-cn-bn tkmjy-en-Ìp-Im-c³ cmhp®n Pbn-¨p. kwØm-\¯v k]vX-I£n ap¶Wn A[n-Im-c-¯n-se-¯n. F¶m A[n-Imcw In«n-b-t¸mÄ `c-W-ap-¶-Wn-bpsS a«p-am-dn. ]p¸-Ån-bn IpSn- H-gn-¸n-¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ D¯-chv \ÂIn. sXc-sª-Sp¸p Ignªv Gsg-«p-amkw Ign-ªp. 1968 amÀ¨v 29\v 80 t^md-ÌvImcpw \qtdmfw s]meokpw Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡mcpw DÄs¸-Sp¶ kwLw Im¸n-sk-än BZyw Hcp hosSm-gn-¸n-¨p. cmhnse 10.00, 10.30\v Bbn-cp¶p kw`-hw. BZys¯ hoSp I¯n-¡p-¶Xphsc kw`-h-hn-Im-k-§-tf-¸än ]pdw-temIw Ad-ªn-Ã. ASp¯ hoSv ]Ån-amen hÀKo-kn-tâ-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. AhnsS hÀKo-knsâ `mcy ]qÀW-KÀ`n-Wn-bm-Wv. t]mIm-s\m-cn-S-hp-an-Ã. KÀ`n-Wn-bmb kv{Xosb Cd-¡n-hn-Sm³ ]äm¯ Ah-Ø. CXn-\n-S-bn \m«p-ImÀ hoSp hf-ªp. kvIqÄ Ip«n-Ifpw Cd-§n. At¸m-tgbv¡pw ChÀ R§sf shSn h¨p hogn¨pw Hgn¸n¡pw F¶ a«n-tebv¡p \o§n. s]meo-kn\v kná sImSp-¯p. At¸mÄ s]meokv ^mÄ C³ Bbn. R§fpw shSn-sb-¦n shSn F¶p ]dªp t\cn-Sm³ X¿m-dmbn \n¶p. apgp-h³ IpSn-tb-ä-¡mcpw AhnsS hnh-c-a-dnªv F¯n-bn-cp-¶p.  I½n-än-¡m-cmWv P\s¯ kwL-Sn-¸n-¨-Xv. At¸mÄ Hcp 11 aWn-bm-bn-«p-­m-Ipw. kpIqÄ hnZymÀYn-Ifpw F¯n-bn-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶-tÃm. At¸mÄ am\y-\mb Hcp t^mdÌv Hm^n-kÀ R§sf kao-]n¨v kwkm-cn-¨p. At±lw ]d-ªp, R§Ä¡v kÀ¡mÀ D¯-chv \S-¸m-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m-\m-hn-Ã. F¶m Hcp- kuIcyw sNbvXpXcmw. IpSn-H-gn-¸n-¡Â 24 aWn-¡qÀ \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡mw. AXn-\p-ap¼v IpSn-bn-d¡v \ndp-¯n-h-¨pÅ kÀ¡m-cnsâ D¯-chv \n§Ä kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p-X-c-Ww. R§Ä At¸mÄ Xs¶ AXp k½-Xn-¨p. ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâv sI.bp a¯m-bn, apÃ-tÈcn tPmk-^v, ISp-¸n Iqªq-ªv, Sn.bp tP¡-_v, ]n.hn t\m_nÄ XpS-§n-b-h-cmWv P\s¯ kwL-Sn-¸n-¡m³ t\XrXzw \ÂIn-b-Xv.

 

Ahn-sS-\n¶v Xs¶ {]kn-Uâv sI.bp a¯m-bnbpw Rm\pw IqSn D¯-chv k¼m-Zn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v t]mIm³ Xocp-am-\-am-bn. At¸mÄ Hcp c­p-a-Wn-bm-bn-«p-­m-Ipw. Nob-¼-¯p-\n¶v temdn-bn _t¯-cn-bn-se-¯n. Ahn-sS-\n¶v _kn tImgn-t¡m-«v cm{Xn F«p-a-Wn-tbmsS F¯n. B ka-b-¯m-bn-cp¶p sI.-F-kv.-BÀ.-Sn.kn enk-an-äUv tÌm¸v kÀho-kp-IÄ XpS-§p-¶-Xv. A¯cw Hcp _kn shfp-¸n\v Bdp-a-Wn-tbmsS Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v F¯n. ]¯p cq]-tbm-f-am-bn-cp¶p NmÀPv. Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v apdn-sb-Sp¯v Ahn-sS-bn-cp¶v shÅ-t]-¸-dn \nth-Z\w X¿m-dm-¡n. BZyw tZhkzw a{´n ]n.-BÀ Ipdp-¸n-sâ-b-Sp-¡Â t]mbn. F¶m tZhkzw `qan A\yÀ¡p It¿-dm-\p-Å-X-söpw Hgn-¸n-¡m³ Xs¶ Xocp-am-\n-¨p-sh¶pw At±lw hyà-am-¡n. At¸mÄ Rm³ ]d-ªp, Nm¼-em-bn-cn-¡p¶ Cu ]pÂam-S-§Ä DÅn-S¯v sh¬am-S-§Ä DbÀ¯p-sa¶v \n§-sfms¡ h¶tà ]p¸-Ån-bn {]kw-Kn-¨-Xv, Ct¸mÄ C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xv km[m-cW \ne-bn R§Ä¡v DÄs¡m-Åm³ ]äp-¶ Imcy-am-tWm. A¶v R³ a{´n Ipdp-¸nsâ tkmjy-enÌv ]mÀ«n-bpsS ]p¸Ån aWvUew {]kn-Uâv BWv.

R§Ä {]Pm tkmjy-enÌv ]mÀ«n LSIw 1962 Xs¶ ]p¸-Ån-bn Bcw-`n-¨n-cp-¶p. As¶ms¡ tZhkz¯nsâ Bfp-IÄ {]Xy-£-¯n tIm¬{K-kp-Im-cm-Wv. AtX-k-abw Ch-cn ]ecpw DÅn-sâ-bp-Ån P\-kw-L-¡m-cp-am-Wv. Ch-cpsS IqsS \n¶m icn-bm-hn-söv R§Ä¡v a\-Ên-em-bn. Cu kml-N-cy-¯n tZhkzw `qan {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l-cn-¡m³ thdn-s«mcp ]mÀ«n thW-sa¶v R§Ä Xocp-am-\n-¨p. DSs\ I¸-ä-bn t]mbn t\Xmhv Fw.]n hotc-{µ-Ip-am-dns\ I­p. DZvLm-S-\-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v Icn-a¯v Hcp henb tbmKw kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p.

 

1962se th\¡m-e-¯m-bn-cp¶p DZvLm-S\ tbmKw. tUm.-sI._n tat\m³ BWv DZvLm-S\w sNbvX-Xv. hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ, ]n.sF C«q-¸v, AUz.-N-{µ-ti-J-c³ XpS-§n-b-hÀ {]kw-Kn-¨p. A¡m-e¯v hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ, sI.sI A_p, ]n.kn Al-½Zv, sI.H hÀKokv F¶n-h-cm-bn-cp¶p hb-\m-«nse tkmjy-enÌv t\Xm-¡Ä.

 

A¶v ]p¸Ån {]tZ-i¯v BsI-¡qSn 2000 t]cn IqSp-X-en-Ã. 1961 BWv Fsâ A½ acn-¨-Xv. A¶v ]p¸-Ån, apųsImÃn {]tZ-i¯v HmÀ¯-tUm-Ivkv-þ-tP-¡-ss_äv hn`m-K-¡mÀ BI-¸msS 35 ho«p-ImÀ am{Xw.

 

C¶s¯ acnb tlm«-en-\-Sp¯v A¡m-e¯v    Hcp henb Fe-hp-a-c-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ Nph-«n-em-bn-cp¶p FÃm s]mXp-k-t½-f-\-§-fpw.

 

IpSn Hgn-¸n-¡Â iàn-s¸-Sp¶ Ime¯v Sn.bp tP¡_v DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ tIm¬{K-kp-ImÀ tkmjy-enÌv t\Xm-hmb Fw.]n hotc-{µ-Ip-am-dns\ I¸-ä-bn t]mbn I­n-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ R§-fpsS ]mÀ«n-¡mÀ Ahn-sS-bp-­-tÃm, AhÀ hcm-sX-§-s\-bmWv CS-s]-SpI  F¶v hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ tNmZn-¨p. AXp-I-gnªv c­p-a-Wn-¡q-dm-hp-t¼m-tg-bv¡p-amWv Rm§Ä hocsâ ASp-s¯-¯n-b-Xv. At¸mÄXs¶ hoc³ t^mWn FÃm Øe¯pw hnfn¨v \nP-ØnXn Adn-bn-¨p. IpSn-C-d¡v \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡Ww AsÃ-¦n {]t£m`w D­m-Ip-sa¶v At±lw ap¶-dn-bn¸pw \ÂIn.

 

]n¶o-SmWv hoSp-IÄ I¯n-¨Xpw AXp ImWm³ t\Xm-¡-·mÀ F¯n-b-Xpw. 1967se sXc-sª-Sp-¸nt\mSv ASp-¯m-bn-cp¶p kw`-hw. sXc-sª-Sp-¸n\v IqSn-bm ct­m-aqt¶m amkw D­m-hpw. _t¯-cn-bn \n¶v ChÀ Po¸n-emWv c­p-a-Wn-tbmsS ]p¸-Ån-bn F¯n-b-Xv. _n.shÃnw-KvS-¬, ]n.-BÀ Ipdp-¸v, Fw.]n hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ, cmhp-®n, hÀKokv sshZy³, A¼-e-h-b-ense hmkp-tZ-h³ XpS-§n-b-h-cm-bn-cp¶p kwL-¯nÂ. ChÀ aq¶mep aWn-¡qÀ Im«n-eqsS \S¶v I¯n¨ hoSp-IÄ I­p. ImSv F¶p ]d-ªmepw Bfp-IÄ Xma-kn-¡p-¶p-­v. A{X sXfn-ªn-«n-söp am{Xw.

]ns¶ Icnaw Ih-e-bn s]mXp-tbmKw kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p. GXm­v A©p-a-Wn-tbm-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p tbmKw XpS-§n-b-Xv. Rm\m-bn-cp¶p A[y-£³. Irjn-¡m-cpsS kwc-£-W-¯n\p th­n R-§Ä iàn-tbmsS \n¡p-sa¶pw Ah-cpsS hfÀ¨bpw \ne-\n¸p-amWv R§Ä¡v {][m-\-sa¶pw ]dªv Irjn-¡msc ]n´p-W-¨p-sIm-­m-bn-cp¶p Ch-cpsS kwkm-cw. \à XWp-¸p-Å-Xm-bn-cp¶p B cm{Xn. shÃnw-KvSWv XWp-¸ns\ sNdp-¡m³ Rm³ Hcp {]tXy-I-PmXn jmÄ \ÂIn. Ipd¨p anIvkv DÅ-Xm-Wv. \½psS ASp¯ Bsf¶ \ne-bv¡mWv jmÄ sImSp-¯-Xv. \à XWp-¸m-b-Xn-\m jmÄ Xncn¨p tNmZn-¨n-Ã. AXpw ]pX-¨mWv At±lw ss_c-¡p¸ hgn aS-§n-t¸m-b-Xv.

 

\nth-Z\w sImSp-¯-tijw a{´n Ipdp-¸n-t\mSv FWoäp \n¶m-bn-cp¶p Fsâ kwkm-cw. At¸mÄ Ccp¶v kwkm-cn-¡m³ a{´n Bh-iy-s¸-«p. Ccp¶p kwkm-cn-t¡-­-X-Ã, henb Kuc-h-apÅ Imcy-a-bm-Xn-\m FWoäp \n¶p Xs¶ kwkm-cn-¡p-I-bmWv F¶p Rm³ ]d-ªp. At¸mÄ C\n H¶pw ]d-tb-­, Hgn-¸n-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n¨p  F¶v At±lw XoÀ¯p ]d-ªp.

 

hb-\m-«nse tkmjy-enÌv ]mÀ«n¡v a{´n-bpsS B \ne-]m-Sn-t\mSv ]qÀW FXnÀ¸v Bbn-cp-¶p. Fw.]n hotc-{µ-Ip-amÀ IpSn-tb-ä-¡msc At§-bäw ]n´p-W-bv¡p¶p-ap­m-bn-cp-¶p. Rm\¶p ]p¸Ån aWvUew {]kn-Uâv Bbn-cp-¶p.

 

a{´n Ipdp-¸n§s\ ]d-ª-t¸mÄ AhnsS \n¶n-d-§n. ]ns¶ apJy-a{´n C.-Fw.-F-kns\ ImWm-\mbn R§-fpsS {iaw. ]ntä¶v C.-Fw.-Fkv UÂln¡p t]mIm³ \n¡p-I-bm-Wv. Fw.-FÂ.F IzmÀt«-gvknse¯n apJy-a-{´nsb ImWp¶ Imcyw cmhp®n Fw.-FÂ.-F-tbmSv ]d-ª-t¸mÄ At±-lw sXÃp `b-¸m-tSmsS ]d-ªp, A©p-aWn Ign-ªp sN¶m ]pÅn¡p tZzjyw hcpw, AXn-\m \msf t]mIImw . At¸mÄ apJy-a{´n \msf UÂln¡p t]mIn-tÃ, R§Ä \msf hsc Im¯p \n¡-tWm, 24 aWn-¡q-dn D¯-chp sImSp-¡m-sa-¶tà \½Ä ]d-ªXv  Fs¶ms¡ R§Ä tNmZn-¨p. apJy-a-{´n-bpw \n§-sf-t¸mse P\-{]-Xn-\n[n BWv, At±lw apJy-a{´n Bbn-cn-¡p-¶n-S¯v \n§Ä¡v hne-sbm¶pw Ipd-bp-¶n-Ã, \n§Ä h¶mte Imcyw \S¡q  F¶v cmhp-®n-tbmSv R§Ä ]d-ªp. C§s\ kwkm-cn¨v Fw.-FÂ.F IzmÀt«-gvknse cmhp-®n-bpsS apdn-bn \n¶v ]pd-t¯bv¡p hcp-t¼mÄ Icn-a-®qÀ Fw.-FÂ.F Fw.Fw tXmakns\ I­p. Rm³ At±-l-¯nsâ aWvU-e-¯nÂs]« Bfm-Wv. hosSÃmw ]d-ª-t¸mÄ At±-l-¯n\v kt´m-j-am-bn. At±-l-t¯mSv Imcyw ]d-ªp. Rm³ hcmw  F¶p ]dªv At±lhpw IqsS h¶p. C.Fw.F-kns\ I­p \nth-Z\w \ÂIn. At¸mÄ apJy-a{´n ]d-ªp, ]p¸-Ån-bn IpSn Hgn-¸n-¡m³ HmÀUÀ C«n-cn-¡p-¶p, Ct¸mÄ \n§Ä h¶Xv A³]Xpw \qdpw G¡-dpÅ P·n-amsc kwc-£n-¡m-\tÃ, A§-s\-bmWv R§-fpsS ]mÀ«n-bpsS dnt¸mÀ«v In«n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv .

At¸mÄ Rm³ ]d-ªp, A§v Zb-hmbn Cu Hgn-¸n-¡p¶ Bfp-I-fpsS I¿n F{X Øe-ap-s­-¶-t\z-jn-¡-Ww, F{X Øe-ap-Å-h-sc-bmWv Hgn-¸n-¨-sX¶v At\z-jn-¨m Adn-bm-a-tÃm, AhnsS 10 skâp-Im-c\pw Ac G¡ÀImc\pw Hcp G¡ÀIm-c\pw Hs¡-bmWv Hgn-¸n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶Xv, CXp ]mÀ«n-bpsS \b-a-Ã-tÃm, AXp-sIm­v Hgn-¸n-¡-s¸-«-h-cpsS `qhn-kvXm-chpw Ah-cpsS Ah-Øbpw At\z-jn-¡p-I, At¸mtg Imcyw a\-Ên-emhq, 100 G¡ÀIm-c-t\bpw 200 G¡ÀI-m-ct\bpw \n§Ä¡v Hgn-¸n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã, AhÀ¡v ]nSn-¨p-\n¡m³ IS-emkv Xpcp-¼p-I-fp-­m-hpw, ChnsS ]mh-s¸-«-h-sc-bmWv Hgn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv, AXp \ymbo-I-cn-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã, AXp-sIm-­mWv sat½m-dm-­-hp-ambn R§Ä h¶-XvF¶p ]d-ªp.

 

At¸mÄ A§-s\-bmtWm F¶v At±lw tNmZn-¨p. tZhkzw a{´nsb ImWm³ C.-Fw.-Fkv \nÀtZ-in-¨p. tZhkzw a{´nsb I­p-sh¶pw Bbn-c-§-fpsS ih-i-co-c-§Ä¡p tase IqSntb Hgn-¸n-¡Â \S¡q F¶p ]d-ªn«pw Hgn-¸n-¡p-sa¶p Xs¶-bmWv At±lw ]d-ª-sX¶pw Adn-bn-¨p. AXp-sIm-­mWv apJy-a-{´nsb ImWm³ h¶-sX¶v ]d-ªp. A§s\ ]d-ª-t¸mÄ At±-l-¯n\v Hcp a\-Ê-enhp h¶p. At¸mÄ h\w-a{´n Fw.sI IrjvWs\ ImWm³ At±lw \nÀtZ-in-¨p. h\w a{´n¡p sImSp¡m³ R§-fpsS I¿n sat½m-dm­w CÃtÃm F¶v apJy-a-{´n-tbmSv ]d-ªp. At¸mÄ At±-l-¯n\v t\cs¯ sImSp¯ sat½m-dm­w Xncn-¨p-X-¶p. CXp sImSp-¡q, Rm³ hnfn-¨p-]-dbmw F¶v apJy-a{´n ]d-ªp. a{´n IrjvW\v \nth-Z\w \ÂIn kwkm-cn-¨p. At±-lw Imcy-§Ä a\-Ên-em-¡nb-tijw ]d-ªp, Ct¸mÄ \n§Ä¡v Hgn-¸n-¡-en\v tÌ HmÀUÀ Xcmw. ]t£ \n§Ä t]mb-Xn-\p-tijw Hgn-¸n-¡Â \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡-W-sa¶ A`yÀY-\-bp-ambn, ]mÀ«n-bpsS kotem-Sp-IqSn, ]mÀ«n t\Xm-¡-·m-À H¸n« Ipsd I¯p-IÄ Ct§m«v Ab-¸n-¡-Ww. ]p¸-Ån-bn aS-§n-F-¯nb tijw FÃm ]mÀ«n-¡m-cp-tSbpw H¸n«v Ipsd \nth-Z-\-§-Ä R§Ä Ab-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. a{´n IrjvW³ At¸mÄXs¶ sk{I-«-dnsb hnfn¨v IpSn-bn-d¡v \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡p-¶-Xn\v tImgn-t¡mSv Ie-IvSÀ¡v \nÀtZiw \ÂIm³ G¸n-¨p. R§Ä aS§n F¯n-b-t¸mÄ ]p¸-Ån-bn ]qÀW-k-am-[m\w ssIh-¶n-cp-¶p.

 

 

 

C.-Fw.-Fkv apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Imcy-§-fpsS \nP-ØnXn Adn-bm-sX-bmWv kn.-]n.FwImÀ {]hr-¯n-¨-Xv. _vtfm¡p-Im-cpsS Øew 50 G¡À, \qtd-¡À F¶o IW-¡p-I-fn Nne h³In-S-¡mÀ hm§n-bn-cp-¶p. C¡q-«À P·n-am-cm-b-Xn-\m kn.-]n.-F-½n\v Cu `qan CS-]m-Sn {]Xn-tj-[-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ AhÀ Irjn-¡mÀ¡v sam¯-¯n FXn-cm-bn. A§s\ IpSn Hgn-¸n-¡m³ D¯-c-hn-«p. P·n-amsc D]-{Z-hn-¡m³ D­m-¡n-b D¯-chv sNdp-In-S-¡m-sc-bmWv IpSp-X _m[n-¨-Xv. A§s\ hn]-co-X-^-e-amWv D­m-¡n-b-Xv.

 

 

Cu {]iv\-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v F.-sI.Pn Hcn-¡Â h¶n-cp-¶p. e£van \nhmkv kvIqfn-em-bn-cp¶p tbmKw. Aªq-tdmfw t]À ]s¦-Sp-¯p. F¶m Ht«sd tImSXn tIkp-I-fp-Å-Xn-\m tImÀ«v Ae-£y-am-hp-sa¶pw NÀ¨ ths­¶pw At±lw HmÀan-¸n-¨p.

 

\Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ cmjv{Sob ImgvN-¸mSv DÅ-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. Ah-cpsS {]Nm-c-W-¯n\v ]än-b-XmWv ]p¸Ån F¶-hÀ¡p a\-kn-em-bn. DÄ{]-tZ-i-am-Wv. ImSm-b-Xn-\m _mly-temI _Ô-an-Ã. tdmUv CÃm-¯-Xn-\m s]meo-kn\v F¯m³ _p²n-ap-«m-bXn-\m c£-s¸-Sm³ Ffp-¸-am-sW-s¶Ãmw AhÀ IW-¡p-Iq-«n.

1968 \hw-_-dnse \Ivk-sse-ddv Iem-]-¯n\p ap¼p-Xs¶ Hgn-¸n-¡Â \nÀ¯n-h-¨n-cp-¶p. AXn-\p-tijw Imcy-amb Ne-\-§-sfm-¶p-ap-­m-bn-Ã. Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡m-À \ne-\n-¶p. ]t£ _äm-en-b³ H¶p-an-Ã. AXn\p ap¼p Xs¶ ]p¸-Ån-bn s]meokv tÌj³ h¶n-cp-¶p. Ip¸-t¯mSv am[-h³ \mb-À¡v Hcp hoSp-­m-bn-cp¶p. Ahn-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p s]meokv tÌj³ {]hÀ¯-\w. t\cs¯ Iw_vf-¡mSv tÌjsâ Iogn-em-bn-cp¶p ]p¸-Ån {]tZiw. Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡msc \nb-{´n-¨n-cp-¶Xpw AhnsS \n¶p Xs¶. tÌj-\n \n¶v Fkv.sF Hcp slUvtIm¬Ì-_n-fns\ Iam³Unw-Kn\v Fw.-F-kv.]n Iym¼n-te-bv¡-b-bv¡pw. At±-l-¯nsâ \nÀtZ-i-{]-Im-c-amWv Fw.-F-kv.]n {]hÀ¯n-¡p-I. 1968 Ime¯v AÃ-¸³ Fkv.-sFbpw i¦p®n tat\m³ AUo-j-W Fkv.-sFbpw Bbn-cp-¶p.

AÃ-¸-t\-¸än ]e Bt£-]-§fpw tIÄ¡m-dp-­-tÃm. AsXÃmw icn-bmtWm?

 

AÃ-¸³ kv{Xoe-¼-S-\m-sW¶v Bfp-IÄ ]d-bm-dp-­v. ]t£ \à s]meokv Hm^n-kÀ BbmWv F\n-¡-\p-`-h-s¸-«-Xv. \Ivk-sseäv BIv-j³ Ign-ª-Xn-\p-tijw ]p¸-Ån-¡mÀ¡v ]pd-¯p-t]m-I-W-sa-¦n ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uân-sâtbm Fkv.-sF-bp-sStbm I¯p thW-sa-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p Ah-Ø. A¶s¯ ]p¸-Ån-bnse kml-Ncyw Nne-scms¡ NqjWw sN¿m\pw {ian-¨n-cp-¶p. \Ivk-sseäv BsW¶p ]d-ªpÅ Btcm-]-W-§fpw Dua-¡-¯p-I-fpam-bn-cp¶p CXn apJyw. A§s\ Rm\pw \Ivk-sseäv {]hÀ¯-\-¯n ]¦p tNÀs¶¶p ]dªv Hcp I¯v s]men-kn\v In«n. CX-dnª ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâv sI.bp a¯m-bnbpw At±-l-¯nsâ kl-{]-hÀ¯-I³ e£va-W\pw Hcp-Zn-hkw sshIn«v ho«n-se¯n C¡mcyw Adn-bn-¨p.  AXn-\m Ipd-¨p-Zn-hkw amdn-\n¡p-¶Xp \Ã-Xm-sW¶v AhÀ D]-tZ-in-¨p.

 

At¸mÄ Rm³ ]d-ªp, sN¿m¯ Ipä-¯n\v X¡mew Hfn-¡m³ t]mIp-¶n-Ã, AhÀ ASn-¡p-s¶-¦n c­v ASn sImÅm³ X¿m-dm-Wv, \n§Ä¡v AhnsS \à kzm[o-\-ap-­-tÃm, Rm³ F§-s\-bp-Å-h-\m-sW¶v \n§Ä¡v thW-sa-¦n A`n-{]mbw ]d-bm-a-tÃm . At¸mÄ sshIn«v GXm­v Ggp-aWn Bbn-«p-­m-Ipw. Rm³ At¸m-ÄXs¶ tÌj-\n t]mbn Fkv.-sFsb I­p. C§s\ Hcp I¯p In«n-sb¶p tIs«¶pw \nP-ØXn F´m-sW¶v Adn-bm\mWv h¶-sX¶pw Rm³ Fkv.-sF-tbmSv ]d-ªp. \n§Ä \Ivk-sseäv BsW¶pw BIvj-sâ- X-te-¶mÄ Icnaw Ih-e-bn h¨v F.-hÀKokpw tN¸ne ]c-ta-iz-c\pw \n§fpw Hcp-an¨p kwkm-cn-¡p-¶Xp Is­-¶pw ]d-ªpÅ I¯p In«n-bn-«p-s­¶v Fkv.sF Adn-bn-¨p. ]t£ AXn t]scm¶pw Fgp-Xn-bn-«n-Ãm-¯-Xn-\m At\z-jn-¡p-¶nà F¶-t±lw ]d-ªp.

 

\Ivk-sseäv BIvj\p sXm«p-ap¼v Icn-a¯v \S¶ {]Xn-tj-[-tbmKt¯¸än ?

 

\Ivk-sseäv Iem]w \S-¶Xv 23\v cm{Xn-bnÂ. 22\v sshIn-«m-bn-cp¶p {]Xn-tj-[-tbm-Kw. CXnse Nne-cpsS {]kw-K-§fpw ]ntä-¶mÄ Iem-]-¯n\v \Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ¡v t{]cW \ÂIn. ]©mb¯v saw_À Bb tIm¬{K-kp-Im-c³ sX¡-\m«v t]c-¸s\ XÃn-b-Xn {]Xn-tj-[n-¡m-\m-bn-cp¶p tbmKw kwL-Sn-¸n-¨-Xv. AXn {]kw-Kn-¡m³ cmhp®n Fw.-F-Â.-F, ]n.kn tXmakv amÌÀ , A¼-e-h-b-ense hmkp-tZ-h³, tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm-hv ]¸³, ]ns¶ H¶p-c­p {]mtZ-inI t\Xm-¡Ä XpS-§n-b-hÀ F¯n-bn-cp-¶p. tbmK-¯n\v Fs¶bpw hnfn-¨p. F¶m tIm¬{K-kp-Im-c-s\ -X-Ãn-b-Xn\v ]n.-F-kv.-]n-¡m-c³ {]Xn-tj-[n-t¡-­-Xnà F¶m-bn-cp¶p Fsâ \ne-]m-Sv. F¶m tbmKw Ign-ª-t¸mÄ Rm\-hnsS F¯n. Dd-§pI-bm-bn-cpt¶m F¶v Fw.-FÂ.F cmhp®n At¸mÄ tNmZn-¨p. CXp-t]m-epÅ aoänwKv ka-b¯v Rm³ InS-¶p-d-§m-dp-s­¶v adp-]-Snbpw \ÂIn. ]ntä cm{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp¶p \Ivk-sseäv Iem]w \S-¶-Xv.

BIvj³ \S¶ cm{Xn-tb-¡p-dn-¨pÅ HmÀa-IÄ Fs´ms¡ ?

 

kw`hw \S-¡p-t¼mÄ Rm³ Icn-a-¯mWv Xma-kw. kÔy-bm-b-t¸mÄ Rm³ SuWnep­v. At¸mÄ apųsImÃn kvIqÄ A[ym-]-I-\mb tXmakv amÌÀ Ahn-sS-bp-­v. A[ym-]I AhmÀUv tPXm-hmb ao\-§m-Sn-bnse Hcp A[ym-]-Is\ BZ-cn-¡m³ hnPb kvIqfn \n¶pÅ ]ß-\m-`³ amÌ-tdm-sSm¸w apųsImÃn kvIqfnsâ {]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn ]ntä¶v t]mIm-\n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv At±-lw. t]mIm³ amÌÀ¡v Hcp jÀ«v thWw. ta¯-«-bpsS IS-bn tXmakv F¶ Xp¶Â¡m-c-\p-­v. jÀ«v Ahsâ I¿n Xp¶m³ sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. AXp In«m³ Ipd¨p sshIn. At¸mÄ amÌÀ Ft¶mSv ]d-ªp, jÀ«v hm§n \ap-s¡m-cp-an¨p t]mImw. ImcWw cm{Xn-bm-bm amÌÀ ]pd-¯n-d-§m-dn-Ã. `b-¦c t]Sn-bm-Wv.- Hcp ]d-¼n Xs¶-bmWv R§-fpsS c­p-t]-cp-tSbpw hoSv. jÀ«v H³]Xp aWn-tbm-sS-bmWv Xp¶n¡n«n-b-Xv. jÀ«v hm§n-b-Xn-\p-tijw At±-ls¯ Rm³ ho«n sIm­m-¡n. ]ns¶ Fsâ ho«n-se¯n `£Ww Ign-¨p.

 

A¶v ssN´-bn F\n¡v Ipd-¨p- hb D­v. AhnsS s\Ãp sImbvXp h¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. AhnsS Imen-IÄ Ib-dm-dp-­v. AXn-\m Xma-kn-bmsX If-¯ntebv¡v t]mbn. A¶p cm{Xn If-¯n Xs¶ InS-¶p. A¶v Rm³ InS¶ If-¯nsâ 100 ASn AI-se-Iq-Sn-bmWv \Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ B{I-aWw Ignªv tNIm-Sn-bn-tebv¡v t]mb-Xv.

 

cm{Xn-bn H¨bpw ]S-¡w s]m«p-¶Xpsams¡ tI«p. hà \mbm-«p-Imtcm atäm Bbn-cn¡pw F¶mWv At¸mÄ hnNm-cn-¨-Xv. ]peÀs¨ \mev, \mec -a-Wn-tbmsS If-¯n-\-cn-In-eqsS Ipsd-t]À \S¶p t]mIp¶ i_vZw tI«n-cp-¶p. F¶m \Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ BsW¶v bmsXmcp Dul-hp-ap-­m-bn-Ã. \hw-_À icn¡pw XWp-¸nsâ Ime-am-Wv. F¶m B cm{Xn-bn XWp-¸p-­m-bn-Ã. Xpd¶ If-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶tÃm Fsâ Dd-¡w. aªpw Imcy-am-bn-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. sNdnb tXmXn am{Xw.

 

cmhnse Rm³ ho«n-se-¯n. F\n¡¶v Id-¡p¶ c­v Fcp-a-bp-­v. Rm³ Ahsb Id-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S-bn tXh-e¯v A¨³Ipªp HmSnh¶v s]meokv tÌj³ B{I-an-¨p, Fkv.-sFsb I¯n-¨p, Hcmsf sIm¶p Fs¶ms¡ hnd-b-temsS ]d-ªp. F\n¡v Hcp cq]hpw In«n-bn-Ã. XpSÀ¶v Rm³ Fcp-a-bpsS ]mep-ambn IS-bn-se-¯n. ]m sImSp-¡p-t¼mÄ AhnsS kwkm-c-ap-­v. ]t£ Bcm-Wv, F´mWv F¶v Hcp ]nSn-bp-an-Ã.

CXn-\n-S-bn c­p-aq¶p t]À ]¿w-]n-Ån-bn-te-bv¡pÅ hgn tNmZn-¨p. At¸mÄ s]meo-kn\v kwi-b-am-bn. s]meokv tÌj³ B{I-a-W-¯n\v h¶-h-cn s]«-h-cm-bn-cp¶p AhÀ. cm{Xn Bb-Xn-\m hgn Adn-bmsX IpS-§n-t¸m-b-Xm-Wv. s]meokv Ahsc ]nSn-¨p.

 

At¸mÄ Su¬ \ndsb s]meokv BWv. AhÀ c­pw aq¶pw t]cmbn Xncnªv Hmtcm `mK¯pw At\z-jWw \S-¯p-I-bm-Wv. Iq«w IqSn Bfp t]mIp¶ FÃm Øe¯pw At\z-jWw \S-¯p-I-bm-Wv. Ipd¨p Ign-ª-t¸mÄ Ccp-f-¯p-\n¶v t_mw_v s]m«n ssI t]mb tKm]m-es\ ]nSn-In«n. B ka-b¯v Rm³ Ih-e-bn \n¡p-I-bm-Wv. At¸mÄ slUvtIm¬Ì-_nÄ aqk Ft¶mSv ]dªp, ]p¸-Ån-¡mÀ¡v `mKy-aambn-t¸m-bn,  tIkn s]«-hs\ In«n, AsÃ-¦n cmPy-¯pÅ apgp-h³ Bfp-I-sfbpw NX¨p icn-bm-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p .

 

tKm]m-es\ tÌj-\n F¯n-¨p. AtXmsS tIknsâ Xp¼m-bn. ]ns¶ At\z-j-W-am-bn. At¸mÄ cmjv{So-b-¡m-cpsS CS-s]-S-em-bn. i{Xp-¡-fmb Nnesc G¸n-¨psIm     Sp¡m-\pÅ Xm¸-cy-¯n-tebv¡p Imcy-§Ä amdn. cmjv{So-b-¡mÀ F¶p ]d-ªm tIm¬{K-kp-ImÀ Xs¶. XpSÀ¶v tIm¬{K-kp-Im-cpsS Hcp {]Xn-tj-[-tbmKw \S-¶p. AXns\ Iu­À sN¿³ `c-W-IÀ¯m-¡-·m-cpsS Hcp aoänwKpw kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p. At¸mÄ Rm³ `c-W-IÀ¡m-¡-·msc kt¸mÀ«v sN¿p¶ Bfm-Wv. Cu aoänwKv Znhkw IS-I-f-S-¨n-Sm³ tIm¬{K-kp-ImÀ Blzm\w sNbvXp. At¸mÄ F\n-¡v ASp¯p ]-cn-N-b-apÅ Hcm-fpsS IS D­v. B IS Xpd-¶p-h-t¨m-fm³ Rm³ ]d-ªp. AbmÄ Xpd-¶p-h-¨p. AhnsS aod-dnwKv \S-¯m³ {Iao-I-c-W-sam-cp-¡n. AXn Ft¶mSv henb i{XpX Bbn. ImcWw Ahn-Ss¯ tIm¬{K-kp-Imsc FXnÀ¯n-«mWv R³ CXp sNbvX-Xv.

 

B tbmK-¯n C¼n¨n _mh ]s¦-Sp-¯p. A¶-t±lw Pbn a{´n-bm-Wv. A¶s¯ aoänwKv Ign-ª-tijw FÃm-hcpw ]ncn-ªp. Bscbpw ]nSn-¡-cp-Xv, ASn-¡-cpXv F¶v s]meo-kn\v \nÀtZiw sImSp-¯n-«mWv a{´n t]mb-Xv.

 

F\n¡v slUvtIm¬Ì-_nÄ aqk-bp-ambn \à ASp-¸-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. \à a\p-jy-\m-bn-«mWv F\n¡p tXm¶n-bn-«p-Å-Xv. ]pÅn Hcp sNdnb tcmKn-tb-t¸m-epÅ Bfm-bn-cp-¶p. henb Btcm-Ky-apÅ Bf-Ã. R³ SuWn-em-WtÃm A¶p Xma-kn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. AXn-\m ]e-t¸mgpw CbmÄ hnfn-¨p-]-d-bpw, tPmk^v tN«m, F\n-¡n-¯ncn Iªn Xc-Ww .

hbÀsekv tÌj\nse ssI¸-¯n-bpsS hnh-c-§Ä Fs´ms¡ ?

 

Iem]w \S¶ cm{Xn-bn Rm³ If-¯n InS-¶p-d-§n. cmhnse FWo-ä-h¶v Fcp-asb Id-¶-tijw ]m IS-bn sIm­p-t]mbn sImSp-¯p. ]ns¶ lhnÂZmÀ Ipªn-Ir-jvW³ \mbsc sIme sNbvX Øew ImWm³ At§m«v t]mbn. Ahn-sS-sN¶v tZhkzw Du«p-]p-c-bpsS ]nd-In-epÅ hnXn-en IqSn t\m¡p-t¼mÄ `n¯n-bn ssI¸¯n AS-bm-f-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. shÅ ]qinb Nph-cp-I-fn càw ]pc­ ssI¸-¯n-bpsS ]mSp-IÄ Rm³ hyà-ambn I­p. At¸m-tgbv¡pw cà-¯nsâ {]k-cn-¸v Ipd¨p Ipd-ªn-«p-s­-¶v am-{Xw. At¸mÄ cmhnse Ggc, F«p aWn-bm-bn-«p-­m-hpw. Rm³ AXp-I-gnªv tdmUn-tebv¡p h¶p.- A-hnsS tdmUn \n¡p-t¼m-gmWv tKm]m-es\ AdÌv sNbvXv sIm­p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xv. AXn\p ap¼p-Xs¶ Nph-cn ssI¸¯n D­v. Rm³ t\cn I­-Xm-Wv. Hcp kwi-b-hp-an-Ã.- A-Pn-X-bpsS HmÀa-¡p-dn-¸p-I-fn ]d-bp-¶Xp t]mse tKm]m-esâ ssI¸-¯n-bnse càw BWv Du«p-]p-c-bpsS Nph-cn ]Xn-¨Xv F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xp sXäm-Wv. APnX ]d-bp-¶Xv AwKo-I-cn-¡m-\m-hn-Ã. ImcWw tKm]m-es\ sIm­p-h-cp-¶-Xn\p ap¼v, AXp-t]mse aäm-tcbpw AdÌv sN¿p-¶-Xn\p ap¼v, ssI¸¯n AhnsS Rm³ I­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Hcp-Imcyw Dd-¸v. APnX ]d-bp-¶-Xp-t]mse Nph-cn cà-¯n ap¡n ]Xn-¸n¨n-cp-¶Xv tKm]m-esâ ssI¸-¯n-bm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. At¸mÄ Ft¶m-sSm¸w Ipsd-t]À D­m-bn-cp-¶p. AhÀ Bscm-s¡-bm-sW¶v Ct¸mÄ HmÀa-bn-à .

 

BIvj³ Ignª Znh-k-§-fn At\z-j-W-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v s]meokv tÌj-\nse ØnXn F´m-bn-cp¶p ?

 

\Ivk-sseäv BIv-j-\p-ambn sI.]n tIi-h\v bmsXmcp _Ô-hp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ]t£ tZh-kz-¯n-s\-Xn-sc-bpÅ ka-c-¯n tIi-h³ ]¦m-fn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tIi-hs\ t\cs¯ Xs¶ t\m«-an-«n-cp-¶p. At\z-j-W-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«mWv tIi-hs\ tÌj-\n hnfn¨p hcp-¯n-b-Xv. BIv-j³ Ign-ªpÅ BZy-Zn-h-k-§-fn tÌj-\n Nmbbpw Im¸n-bp-sams¡ Ct±lw sIm­p-t]mbn sImSp-¯p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. ]t£ tIi-h³ HSp-hn {]Xn-bm-bn. s]meokv I­-am\w XÃp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

 

AXp-t]mse \nc-]-cm-[n-sb-¦n-epw ISp-¸n Ipªq-ªn\pw (tPm-k-^v) XÃp-In-«n. apųsImÃn ]Ån-bnse A¨-\p-ambn Gt´m hmt¡äw D­m-b-Xnt\ XpSÀ¶v A¨³ ]cmXn sImSp-¯p. At¸mÄ Ipªq-ªns\ s]meokv ]nSn-¨p. ]t£ Ct±-ls¯ tÌj-\n sIm­p-h¶ s]meokpIm-c³ GtXm At\z-j-W-¯n-\mbn ]pd-¯p-t]m-bn. At¸mÄ tÌj-\n Fw.-F-kv.-]n-¡mÀ am{X-am-Wp-ÅXv. Ah-cm-Is« \Ivk-sseäv {]Xn-bm-sW¶v IcpXn Ct±-ls¯ I­-am\w aÀZn-¨p.

 

Ct¸m-gs¯ kn.-]n.Fw t\Xmhv ]n.sI am[-h-s\-Xn-scbpw C§s\ IÅ-¸-cm-Xn-bp-­m-bn. shÅ-¯q-h-en Ìo^sâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n \Ivk B{I-aWw \S-¶ ka-bw. Ahn-Ss¯ {]iv\-§Ä ImcWw t]Sn¨v \mSp-hn«p ]p¸-Ån-bn-se-¯n-b-Xm-bn-cp¶p am[-h³. ]p¸-Ån-bn Nmb-¡S \S-¯p¶ hÀ¡n-bpsS IS-bn-emWv am[-h³ BZyw h¶-Xv. ChÀ c­p-t]cpw Htc  \m«p-Im-cm-bn-cp-¶p. CXn-\n-S-bn am[-h\pw ]n.-Fkv t\m_n-fp-ambn Ft´m iWvT D­m-bn. A¶v AÃ-¸³ amdn Hcp BNmcn Fkv.sF Bbn F¯n-bn-«p-­v. DSs\ s]meokv tÌj-\n sN¶v t\m_nÄ am[-h-t\-¸än Fkv.-sF-tbmSv ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv, Hcp \Ivk-sseäv h¶n-«p-­v. H¶pw Adn-bmsX Hcmsf-¸än C§s\ ]d-bm-tam-sb¶v Rm³ t\m_n-fn-t\mSv tNmZn-¨p. At¸mÄ Rm³ Fkv.-sF-tbmSv ]d-ªp, \n§Ä am[-hs\ hnfn-¨-t\z-jn-t¨m-fq, ]t£ H¶pw sN¿-cp-Xv.

 

Iem-]-¯n\v ap¼pÅ \Ivk-sse-äp-I-fpsS {]hÀ¯-\-t¯-¸än s]meo-kn\v hnh-c-ap-­m-bn-cp-t¶m. AÃ-¸³ Iem-]- km[y-X-tb-¸än ap³Iq«n a\-Ên-em¡n \hw-_À 23\v a\-¸qÀhw eohv FSp-¯-Xm-sW¶v ]d-bp-¶p-­tÃm\Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ kwLw tNÀ¶p tbmKw \S-¯p¶ hnhcw R§Ä¡p t\cs¯ In«n-bn-cp-¶p. AXp Iem-]-¯n\v c­p amkw ap¼m-Wv. R§-f-hnsS t]mbn. AhnsS ]pg-¡-S-hn Iym¼v \S-¯n-b-Xn-sâbpw kwLmw-K-§Ä `£Ww Ign-¨-Xn-tâbpw Ah-in-jvS-§Ä InS-¸p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Cu kwL-¯nsâ {]hÀ¯-\-§-fn BZyw ]s¦-Sp¯ tImf-tÈcn Ipª-¨-\mWv Cu hnhcw ]d-ªXv. At¸mÄ Ch-cpsS aoänwKv Hs¡ \S-¶n-«pÅ Imcyw a\-Ên-em-bn. A¡mcyw Fkv.-sF-tbmSv ]d-ªp. h­n-¡-S-hn \Ivk-sseäv {]hÀ¯-§Ä \S-¡p-¶p-s­¶pw \n§Ä At\z-jn-¨n-sÃ-¦n Nne-t¸mÄ A{Iaw \S-¡m³ km[y-X-bp-s­¶pw At±-ls¯ Adn-bn-¨p. F¶m Ah-cXp IW-¡n-se-Sp-¯n-Ã. AXn-\m \Ivk-sse-äp-IÄ¡v IqSp-X A{Iaw \S-¯m³ km[n-¨p .

Inkm³ sXm½sâ {]hÀ¯\w F§-s\-bm-bn-cp¶p ?

 

BZyw then-b-¼-¯m-bn-cp¶p Ct±-l-¯nsâ Xma-kw. kn.-]n.F½nsâ kPo-h-{]-hÀ¯-I-\m-bn-cp-¶p. temI-¯n-{Xbpw a\-Êm-£n-bn-Ãm¯ Hcp a\p-jy-t\bpw Rm³ Pohn-X-¯n I­n-«n-Ã. kn.-]n.-F-½n\v Ct±-ls¯ DÄs¡m-Åm³ Ign-bmsX h¶p. Cbmsf sIm­p-\-S-¶m B ]mÀ«n¡v Bcp-ap-­m-hnà F¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Ah-Ø. ]n¶o-SmWv At±lw Be-¯q-cn-tebv¡v Xmakw amän-bXpw \Ivk-sseäv Bb-Xpw. Ct±-l-¯nsâ I¿n Ft¸mgpw ]m«-sIm-­pÅ Hcp saKm-t^m¬ D­m-hpw. Hmtcm¶p hnfn¨p ]d-bm-\mWv t^m¬. I¿n Hcp Ub-dn-bp-ap-­m-hpw.icn-sX-äp-IÄ t\m¡msX F´n\pw GXn\pw ]cmXn Ab-bv¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Ct±-l-¯nsâ coXn. F\n¡v Xs¶ A¯cw Hcp Zpc-\p-`-h-ap-­m-bn.

 

hnPb kvIqÄ 1964 sslkvIqÄ Bb-t¸mÄ ]pXnb sI«nSw D­m-t¡-­n-bn-cp-¶p. A¶v kvIqfnse Ht«sd ]Wn-IÄ \m«p-Im-cpsS kl-I-c-W-t¯msS \S-¡p-I-bm-Wv. A¶v Fsâ ho«p ]d-¼n Hcp DW-§nb Icn-a-cpXp acw \n¡p-¶p-­v. \à apgp¯ ac-am-bn-cp-¶p. At¸m-gmWv amt\-PÀ Ip¸-t¯mSv am[-h³ \mbÀ h¶v B acw kvIqfn-\mbn tNmZn-¨-Xv. kvIqfnsâ {]hr¯n thKw \S-¯-W-sa-¶p-­v, tZh-kz-¯n \n¶v A§s\ acw sh«m-\m-hn-Ã, AXn-\m tPmk^v B acw A§p sImSp¡v, B acw In«n-bm kvIqÄ ]Wn XoÀ¡mw F¶v amt\-PÀ ]d-ªp. Ipg-¸-an-Ã, sh«n-t¡ms« F¶p Rm³ k½-Xn-¨p. amt\-P-cpsS \nÀtZ-i-{]-Imcw kvIqfn\v ]Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-hÀ B acw sh«n Ad¡p-I-bm-Wv. cm{Xn IqSn Ad-¯mte ]Wn Xocq. AXn-\m skäp-IÄ amdn-amdn cm{Xn-bnepw Ad-¡p-I-bm-Wv. At¸mÄ cm{Xn H³]Xp aWn Bbn-«p-­m-Ipw. aq¶mep s]meo-kp-ImÀ h¶v ]pd-¯p-\n¶v Fs¶ hnfn-¨p. \n§Ä F´mWv cm{Xn-bn Hs¡ acw sh«p-¶Xpw Ad-¡p-¶-Xpw, \n§-fpsS t]cn ]cmXn In«n-bn-«p-­v F¶-hÀ Adn-bn-¨p. ImcWw A¶v tZhkzw Øes¯ acw sh«m³ \nba XS-k-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ Rm³ ]d-ªp, ]cmXn In«n-bXv icn-bm-bn-cn-¡mw, ]t£ acw F\n-¡p th­nb-à Ad-¡p-¶Xv, ChnsS Hcp sslkvIq-fnsâ {]hr-¯n-¡p-th­n sN¿p-I-bm-Wv, s]s«¶v XoÀ¡m³ cm{Xn-bnepw AhÀ sN¿p-¶p-sh-t¶-bpÅp. At¸mÄ s]meo-kp-ImÀ Hcp Iaâv ]d-ªp, a\p-jysâ ]cmXn sIm­v a\p-jy\v Xe-h-bv¡m³ ]äm-Xm-b-tÃm. Cu Inkm³ sXm½\v thsd ]Wn-sbm-¶p-an-tÃ. A§s\ ]dªv AhÀ t]mbn. A§s\ Imcy-§Ä Adn-bmsX {]iv\-§-fp-­m-¡p¶ Hcp kz`m-h-¡m-c-\m-bn-cp¶p sXm½³.

 

 

 

Kp­-Isf GÀs¸-Sp-¯p¶ coXnbpw sXm½\v D­m-bn-cp-¶p. sXm½\v ap¼v Icn-a¯v Hcp Nmb-¡S D­m-bn-cp-¶p. \nc-]-cm[n Bbn«pw \Ivk-sseäv tIknse {]Xn-bmb sI.]n tIi-hsâ tPyjvT³ sI.]n {io[c³ Ahn-sS-\n¶v Nmb Ign-¡m-dp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]e-t¸m-gmbn ]äp-XpI GXm­v ]Xn-\m-dp cq]-bm-bn. A¡m-e¯v AXv henb XpI-bm-Wv. tNmZn-¡p-t¼mÄ {io[-c³ Ahp[n ]d-bpw. HSp-hn du-Un-bmb IpS-am-fqÀ ]m¸-¨s\ hcp¯n ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯n ss]k hm§m³ sXm½³ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. Ipdn-¨n-]-ä-¡m-c-\mWv ]m¸-¨³. F\n¡v \à ]cn-N-b-ap-­v. CbmÄ cmhnse h¶-t¸mÄ Rm³ tNmZn-¨p, F´m ]m¸-¨m, C{X cmhn-se. c­v Fcp-asb ImWm-X-t]m-sb¶pw AXns\ At\z-jn¨p h¶-Xm-sW¶pw ]m¸-¨³ ]d-ªp. AXp-t]m-s«, \ap¡v teiw No«p Ifn¡mw F¶v ]m¸-¨³ ]d-ªp. ]gb ]©m-b¯v Hm^n-knsâ ap¼n-emWv R§Ä. AhnsS At¸mÄ aq¶mep t]cp-­v. A§s\ No«p Ifn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Cu ]m¸-¨³ NmSn Cd§n Hä Hm«w. At¸mÄ Rm³ thKw FWoäp t\m¡n. ]m¸-¨³ At¸mÄ hgn¡p {io[-cs\ ]nSn-¨p-\nÀ¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. {io[-cs\ I­p-sIm-­mWv CbmÄ NmSn HmSn-b-Xv. Rm³ At¸mÄ Cd-§n-s¨¶p ]d-ªp, ]m¸-¨³ Cbmsf ]nSn-¡sbm¶pw th­, Imcy-sa-´m-sW¶p ]d-ªm t]msc. At¸mÄ ]m¸-¨³ ]d-ªp, Chs\ A§s\ hnSm³ ]än-Ã, Ch³ Inkm³ sXm½\v Ipsd ]Ww sImSp-¡m-\p-­v, AXp sImSp-¯n-«n-Ã, AXp taSn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡m-\mWv Rm³ h¶-Xv.  At¸mÄ Rm³ ]d-ªp, A§s\ hm§n¨p sImSp-¡m³ ]äp-tam, Ipd¨v Btcm-Ky-ap-s­¶v hnNm-cn¨v F´pw ImWn-¡m³ ]äp-tam, Ahs\ hnSv, Imcy-§Ä ]ns¶ kwkm-cn-¡mw. F\n¡v ]cn-N-b-apÅ Bsf¶ \nebv¡v Fsâ hm¡p hniz-kn¨v AbmÄ {io[-cs\ hn«p. ]ns¶ Imcyw kwkm-cn-¨p. At¸mÄ 13 cq] sImSp-¡m-\p-­v. AX§p sImSp-¡m³ {io[-c-t\mSv ]d-ªp. \n§Ä ]nSn-¡m\pw hen-¡m\pw \nÂt¡-­, AbmÄ ]Ww Xcp-sa¶v ]m¸-¨-t\mSpw ]d-ªp. A§s\ GXp Imcy-¯nepw F´p {]iv\hpw D­m-¡m³ aSn-bn-Ãm¯ Bfm-bn-cp¶p Inkm³ sXm½³. Hcp a\p-jy\pw sXm½sâ IqsS \S-¡p-I-bn-Ã. Inkm³ sXm½\v bmsXmcp ssZh-hn-izm-k-hp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ssZh-t¯-¸än tIÄ¡p-Itb th­. ]Ån-bn t]mIp-Itbm {]mÀYn-¡p-Itbm sNbvXn-cp-¶n-Ã. Hcp k·mÀK-hp-an-Ãm¯, kZvKp-W-hp-an-Ãm¯ a\p-jy³ Bbn-cp¶p sXm½³ .

 

]p¸Ån tZh-kz-¯nsâ `qan hn¸\ F§-s\-bm-bn-cp¶p ?

 

tZh-kz-¯nsâ 2000 G¡À `qan NmÀ¯n-s¡m-Sp-¯n-cp-¶Xv amt\-PÀ am[-h³ \mbÀ Bbn-cp-¶p. ]\-a-c-¯mWv At±-l-¯nsâ hoSv. BgvN-bn c­p XhW ]p¸-Ån-bn hcpw. Po¸n-emWv hc-hv. Po¸nsâ ap³h-i¯v Kvfmkn-\n-S-bn Hcp U_nÄ _mc tXm¡p-­m-hpw. B\-¡m-«n-eqsS hcp-¶-Xn-\m ap³I-cp-X F¶ \ne-bv¡mWv tXm¡v. IqsS Hcp B{in-X-\p-ap-­m-hpw. sshIn«p aS-§p-Ibpw sN¿pw.

 

Ct±lw hcp-t¼m-tgbv¡pw tZhkzw Hm^n-kn\p ap¼n s]cp-¶mfp t]mse-bm-Wv P\w. A¶v Ct±-l-¯n\v tZhkzw Hm^n-kn Hcp kzImcy apdn D­v. Hmtcm-cp-¯cpw AhnsS h¶v Ct±-ls¯ I­v Bhiy-§Ä ]d-ªp-t]m-Ipw.

Ct±-l-¯nsâ hniz-Ø-\mb Hcp ]\-¨n-¡Â a¯mbn Bbn-cp¶p Ct±-l-¯nsâ GPâv.- Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn \n¶v `qan At\z-jn¨p hcp-¶-hÀ¡v `qan kwL-Sn-¸n-¨psIm-Sp-¡m³ a¯mbn H¯mi sNbvXn-cp-¶p. AXn\v Ct±-l-¯n\v I½n-j³ In«pw. 2000 G¡À NmÀ¯m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨-Xn t]mepw a¯m-bn-bpsS kzm[o\w D­m-bn-cp-¶p.

 

 

 

2000 G¡À NmÀ¯n-¡-gn-ª-t¸mtgbv¡pw GPâp-amÀ ]e-cm-bn-¡-gn-ªn-cp-¶p. A§-s\-bpÅ Hcp GPâm-bn-cp¶p t\m_nÄ. Ct±lw ]e-t¸mgpw tZh-kzw-`qan AXnÀ¯n-bn«p hf-¨p-hbv¡pw. ]ns¶ AXp-Im-Wn-¨mWv hn¸-\bpw AUzm³kv hm§-epw.  Hcn-¡Â Ct±lhpw Hcp Ipª-¨\pw IqSn tIm«bw tImin F¶-bmÄ¡p `qan sImSp-¯Xv ]pen-hm-em-bn. ChÀ tIm«-b-s¯-¯n-bmWv IcmÀ Dd-¸n-¨-Xpw AUzm³kv hm§n-b-Xpw. ImsSÃmw sh«n hr¯n-bm-¡nb Øe-am-sW¶ Dd-¸n-t·Â tImin FÃmw sI«ns¸-dp-¡n-bmWv ]p¸-Ån¡p h¶-Xv. ChnsS h¶v t\m¡p-t¼mÄ sImSpw-Im-Sn\v Npäpw AXnÀ¯n C«p h¨n-t«-bp-Åp. Xma-kn-¡m³ Øe-an-Ã. HSp-hn aq¶m-ep-amkw Ipª-¨sâ ]oSn-I-bn Xs¶ Chsc Xma-kn-¸n-¨p.

IpSn-tb-ä-¡msc I®o-cn-em-gv¯nb asämcpw kw`-hhpw t\m_n-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«-Xm-Wv. A¶v ]\n-¨n-bn tPmÀPv Fs¶m-cm-fp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. tPmÀPnsâ `mcy-bpsS A\p-P-¯n-bpsS hnhmlw \nÝ-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. `mcy-bpsS kzÀW-saÃmw ]W-b-¯n-em-Wv. AsXÃmw FSp-¡-Ww. IqSmsX A\p-P-¯n¡v Fs´-¦nepw kzÀWw sImSp-¡p-Ibpw thWw. AXn\v k¼m-Zy-amb Hcp temUv I¸ At±lw ]dn-¨p. ]t£ AXp sIm­p-t]m-Im³ temdn CÃ. At¸m-gmWv X\n¡v Hcp temdn h¶n-«p-s­¶pw AXn Ibäp¶-Xn\v XS-k-an-söpw t\m_nÄ ]d-bp-¶-Xv. AX-\p-k-cn¨v I¸ Ibän tImgn-t¡ms« IS-bn t\m_n-fnsâ t]cn Cd-¡n. CXv t\m_nÄ Ab¨ temdn-bm-sW¶ hnizm-k-¯n IS-¡m-c³ tPmÀPn\v ]Ww \ÂIn-bn-Ã. tPmÀPv aq¶p-Zn-hkw

Id-§n-sb-¦nepw t\m_nÄ F¯n-bn-Ã. AXn-\m `mcy-bpsS A\p-P-¯nbpsS hnhm-l-¯n\v kzÀWw sImSp-¡m-t\m, `mcy-bpsS kzÀWw ]W-b-¯n \n¶v FSp-¡mt\m Ign-ªn-Ã. AXp-aq-e-apÅ at\m-hn-j-a-¯m tPmÀPn\v Gsd IjvS-\-jvS-§-fp-­m-bn. tZhkzw Øew hn¸-\-bn-eqsS ]W-ap-­m-¡m-sa¶v IcpXn t\m_nÄ Aw_m-kn-UÀ Imdn\v AUzm³kv t]mepw sImSp-¯p. ]t£ {]Xo-£n¨Xp t]mse \S-¡m-Xn-cp-¶-Xn-\m AUzm³kv \jvS-am-bXp asämcp kw`-hw  .

IpSn-tbä Imes¯ aäv HmÀa-IÄ Fs´Ãmw ?

 

tZhkzw `qan It¿-dn-b-Xn FXnÀ¸pÅ Hcp hn`m-Khpw A¶p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Hcn-¡Â Fw.-FÂ.F cmhp-®n, ]n.kn tXmakv amÌÀ F¶n-h-tcm-sSm¸w Hgn-¸n-¡Â \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn\v Rm³ Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v t]mb-XmWv. At¸m-gmWv ]p¸-Ån-¡m-cmb Hma\ \mbÀ, Ae-¡p-Im-c³ ]c-ta-iz-c³ F¶n-hsc AhnsS h¨p I­-Xv. tZhkzw `qan It¿dn \in-¸n-¡-bmWv F¶ ]cm-Xn-bp-ambn F¯n-b-Xm-bn-cp¶p AhÀ. Ah-tcmSv R§Ä ]d-ªp, \n§-fpsS \ne-]mSv icn-b-Ã. HSp-hn Ahsc Xncp¯n R§-fpsS \nth-Z-\-¯n Ah-sc-s¡m­pw H¸n-Sp-hn-¨p. cmhp-®n-bpsS H¸w \nÀ¯n Hcp {Kq¸v t^mt«m-bp-sa-Sp-¯p.

 

tKm]m-e³ F¶ aq¸n \mbÀ ]e-hn[ {]tem-`-\-§Ä¡pw hiw-h-Z-\mbn hm¡m NmÀ¯p-IÄ sImSp-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. 1948\p ap¼pÅ C¯cw tcJ-IÄ¡v \nb-a-km-[p-X-bp-ap­m-bn-cp¶p. Hcp Xe-tÈ-cn-¡m-c³ B_vZp dÒm\v 50 G¡-dnsâ C¯cw Hcp tcJ Ct±lw \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p. iin-a-e-bn-em-bn-cp¶p AXn ]d-ªn-cp¶ Øew. iin-a-e-bn A_vZp-d-Òm³ sNÃp-t¼mÄ AXp It¿-dn-¡-gn-ªp. ]ns¶ Imen-bmbn InS-¶Xv Ct¸m-gs¯ Fkv.-F³.-Un.-]n-bpsS ]p¸-Ån-bnse Øew am{Xw.

 

B Øew tZh-kz-¯nsâ ssIh-i-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. ]n¶oSv AXv I¸-Ir-jn¡v tZhkzw ]m«-¯n\v sImSp-¯p. c­p-aq¶p hÀjw Irjn sNbvX ]m«-¡m-c³ Xma-kn-bmsX Øew It¿-dn. At¸mÄ tZh-kz-¯nsâ Bh-iy-{]-Imcw s]meokv CS-s]«v Hgn-¸n-¨p. B ka-b-¯mWv A_vZp-d-Òm³ NmÀ¯pambn hcp-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ ]p¸-Ån-bn Imen-bmbn InS-¡p¶ Øe-amWv X\n¡v hm¡m NmÀ¯mbn In«nbsX ¶v A_vZp dÒm³ hmZn-¨p. ]n¶oSv At±lw AXnsâ adp-]m«w tNäm\n Ip«n¡p sImSp-¯p. F¶m CXnse {]iv\-§Ä a\-kn-em-b-t¸mÄ Ip«n Hgn-hm-bn. At±lw AXv ssN´ _me-Ir-jvW\v Fgp-Xn-s¡m-Sp-¯p. At¸mÄ tZhkzw amt\-Pcpw _me-Ir-jvW\pw X½n tIkv Bbn. HSp-hn kvYew _me-Ir-jvW\pw AXnse XSn amt\-PÀ¡pw F¶ a«n [mcW Bbn. AXp-{]-Imcw cm{Xn¡p cm{Xn _me-Ir-jvW³ hoSp-h-¨p. ]ntä-Zn-hkw hoSv \m«p-ImÀ XÃn-s¸m-fn-¨p. amt\-P-cp-ambn t\cs¯ D­m-¡nb [mc-W-b-\p-k-cn¨v Sn.bp tP¡_v B Øew ]g-Èn-cmP tImf-Pnsâ Øe-ambn {]Jym-]n-¨p. XpSÀ¶m-bn-cp¶p shSn-hbv]pw aäp {]iv\-§-fpw.

 

                      þþ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ000-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þ-þþ

 

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